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Open AccessArticle

Capturing the Spatial Relatedness of Long-Distance Caregiving: A Mixed-Methods Approach

1
Institute of Spatial Planning, Environmental Planning and Land Rearrangement, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Peter-Jordan-Straße 82, 1190 Vienna, Austria
2
Department for Geodesy and Geoinformation, Research Group Cartography, Vienna University of Technology, Erzherzog-Johann-Platz 1/120-6, 1040 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176406
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 29 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
Long-distance caregiving (LDC) is an issue of growing importance in the context of assessing the future of elder care and the maintenance of health and well-being of both the cared-for persons and the long-distance caregivers. Uncertainty in the international discussion relates to the relevance of spatially related aspects referring to the burdens of the long-distance caregiver and their (longer-term) willingness and ability to provide care for their elderly relatives. This paper is the result of a first attempt to operationalize and comprehensively analyze the spatial relatedness of long-distance caregiving against the background of the international literature by combining a longitudinal single case study of long-distance caregiving person and semantic hierarchies. In the cooperation of spatial sciences and geoinformatics an analysis grid based on a graph-theoretical model was developed. The elaborated conceptual framework should stimulate a more detailed and precise interdisciplinary discussion on the spatial relatedness of long-distance caregiving and, thus, is open for further refinement in order to become a decision-support tool for policy-makers responsible for social and elder care and health promotion. Moreover, it may serve as a starting point for the development of a method for the numerical determination of the long-distance caregivers on different spatial reference scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: space–care nexus; single case study; graph theory; spatial semantics; spatial knowledge infrastructure space–care nexus; single case study; graph theory; spatial semantics; spatial knowledge infrastructure
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Fischer, T.; Jobst, M. Capturing the Spatial Relatedness of Long-Distance Caregiving: A Mixed-Methods Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6406.

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