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Article

Handling of Fresh Vegetables: Knowledge, Hygienic Behavior of Vendors, Public Health in Maputo Markets, Mozambique

1
Medical Parasitology Unit, Group of Opportunistic Protozoa/HIV and Other Protozoa, Global Health and Tropical Medicine, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1700-001 Lisbon, Portugal
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Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, 1700-001 Lisbon, Portugal
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Faculdade de Ciências de Saúde (FCS), Universidade Lúrio, Nampula 4250, Mozambique
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Parasitology Department of Veterinary Faculty, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo 3453, Mozambique
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Environmental Health Institute, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, 1700-001 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6302; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176302
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
In developing countries, markets are the main supply of horticultural products to populations, but this can pose a public health challenge due to the risk of the fecal-oral transmission of gut pathogens. This transmission is strongly associated with inadequate public sanitation or low standards of personal and domestic hygiene, and their prevalence can cause gastrointestinal diseases, which are the third leading cause of death in Mozambique. This study aims at assessing the risk for public health of horticultural products supply chain, from the farmers-vendors to the consumers, in municipal markets in Maputo-City, Mozambique. Surveys (75) were conducted on vendors and an observational analysis was performed in the markets under study. The results showed that 62% of the vendors had access to water from boreholes or artisanal sources and the issue “access to water” was significantly different between markets (p = 0.004). Of the vendors who wash their products (53.3%), only 7.5% use tap-water for this purpose, with the difference in attitudes being statistically significant between vendors in the markets (p = 0.035). The majority (60.4%) said that vegetables and fruits can cause diseases due to pesticides and only 31.3% believe that the diseases may be related to poor hygiene. Despite the vendors’ low knowledge of Good Hygiene Practices (GHP), we noticed that women have better practical assimilation of GHP when compared to men (p = 0.008). Although Maputo’s markets are struggling to achieve quality hygiene standards in a reliable and sustainable manner, their resources are limited and significantly different (p = 0.044) from market to market, and this problem remains a concern for the public-health authorities of the city. In conclusion, the provision of adequate drinking water and sewage disposal systems, together with education for health of vendors, can reduce the risk of contamination of fresh food by the more common organisms causing diarrhea in children, including intestinal parasites. View Full-Text
Keywords: fresh vegetables; gastrointestinal diseases; public-health; vendors; behavior; Maputo-Mozambique fresh vegetables; gastrointestinal diseases; public-health; vendors; behavior; Maputo-Mozambique
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salamandane, C.; Fonseca, F.; Afonso, S.; Lobo, M.L.; Antunes, F.; Matos, O. Handling of Fresh Vegetables: Knowledge, Hygienic Behavior of Vendors, Public Health in Maputo Markets, Mozambique. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176302

AMA Style

Salamandane C, Fonseca F, Afonso S, Lobo ML, Antunes F, Matos O. Handling of Fresh Vegetables: Knowledge, Hygienic Behavior of Vendors, Public Health in Maputo Markets, Mozambique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salamandane, Cátia, Filipa Fonseca, Sónia Afonso, Maria Luisa Lobo, Francisco Antunes, and Olga Matos. 2020. "Handling of Fresh Vegetables: Knowledge, Hygienic Behavior of Vendors, Public Health in Maputo Markets, Mozambique" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176302

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