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Article

Spontaneous Participation in Secondary Prevention Programs: The Role of Psychosocial Predictors

1
Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
2
Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, 20141 Milan, Italy
3
IRCCS Centro Cardiologico Monzino, 20138 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6298; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176298
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Survey about Psychological Health)
Disease prevention is a multifaceted construct that has been widely studied. Nevertheless, in spite of its importance, it is still not sufficiently considered by the general population. Since the reasons for this lack of consideration are not yet fully understood, we created an Online Prevention Survey (OPS) to investigate the role of both sociodemographic and psychological factors in predicting individuals’ spontaneous participation in secondary prevention programs. The results revealed that younger people, men, manual workers, unemployed people, and those who do not regularly practise physical activity were less likely to spontaneously participate in such programs. Furthermore, an analysis of the psychological determinants of the willingness to participate in secondary prevention programs showed that depressive symptoms negatively predict it, while an individual’s perception of receiving high social support acts as a positive predictor. Based on these results, we suggest the need for implementing new tailored approaches to promote prevention initiatives to those segments of the population which are more reluctant to spontaneously undertake prevention paths. View Full-Text
Keywords: spontaneous participation in secondary prevention; health psychology; psychosocial predictors; Facebook sampling; non-communicable diseases (NCDs) spontaneous participation in secondary prevention; health psychology; psychosocial predictors; Facebook sampling; non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
MDPI and ACS Style

Gorini, A.; Giuliani, M.; Marton, G.; Vergani, L.; Barbieri, S.; Veglia, F.; Tremoli, E. Spontaneous Participation in Secondary Prevention Programs: The Role of Psychosocial Predictors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6298. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176298

AMA Style

Gorini A, Giuliani M, Marton G, Vergani L, Barbieri S, Veglia F, Tremoli E. Spontaneous Participation in Secondary Prevention Programs: The Role of Psychosocial Predictors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6298. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176298

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gorini, Alessandra, Mattia Giuliani, Giulia Marton, Laura Vergani, Simone Barbieri, Fabrizio Veglia, and Elena Tremoli. 2020. "Spontaneous Participation in Secondary Prevention Programs: The Role of Psychosocial Predictors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6298. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176298

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