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Article

Dark Triad Traits and Risky Behaviours: Identifying Risk Profiles from a Person-Centred Approach

1
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
2
Institute of Education and Child Studies, Leiden University, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
3
Global Center for Applied Health Research, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6194; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176194
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 18 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 26 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dark Traits Influence on Health and Risk Behaviors)
The relationship between Dark Triad traits and risky behaviours has been shown in recent years. However, few studies have attempted to disentangle this relationship using a person-centred approach. The goal of the current study was to identify subgroups of individuals on the basis of their scores on Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism and analyse the differences between them in a set of risky behaviours (i.e., frequency of substance use, reactive and proactive aggression, risk perception and risk engagement, and problematic internet use). The sample consisted of 317 undergraduates aged 18–34 (46% males). The results of the latent profile analysis showed five subgroups of individuals that were identified based on their scores on the Dark Triad traits: low-Dark Triad, narcissistic, Machiavellian/narcissistic, psychopathic, and Machiavellian/psychopathic. Overall, the Machiavellian/narcissistic and Machiavellian/psychopathic subgroups showed higher scores for most risky behaviours. The low-Dark Triad scored higher for risk perception. No significant differences between subgroups were found as regards frequency of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use. These findings suggest that the combination of the Dark Triad traits lead to more negative outcomes as regards risky behaviour than individual components. Moreover, they highlight the relevance of using a person-centred approach in the study of dark personalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: dark triad; Machiavellianism; psychopathy; narcissism; risky behaviour dark triad; Machiavellianism; psychopathy; narcissism; risky behaviour
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maneiro, L.; Navas, M.P.; Van Geel, M.; Cutrín, O.; Vedder, P. Dark Triad Traits and Risky Behaviours: Identifying Risk Profiles from a Person-Centred Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176194

AMA Style

Maneiro L, Navas MP, Van Geel M, Cutrín O, Vedder P. Dark Triad Traits and Risky Behaviours: Identifying Risk Profiles from a Person-Centred Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maneiro, Lorena, María P. Navas, Mitch Van Geel, Olalla Cutrín, and Paul Vedder. 2020. "Dark Triad Traits and Risky Behaviours: Identifying Risk Profiles from a Person-Centred Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176194

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