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Review

The Effects of E-Cigarette Vapor Components on the Morphology and Function of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Physiology, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Pomeranian Medical University, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
3
Independent Laboratory of Health Promotion, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
4
Department of Histology and Embryology, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176152
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 20 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
E-cigarettes, a comparatively new phenomenon, are regarded as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes. They are increasingly popular among adolescents of both sexes, and many smokers use e-cigarettes in their attempts to quit smoking. There is little understanding of the effects of exposure to e-cigarette vapors on human reproductive health, human development, or the functioning of the organs of the male and female reproductive systems. Data on the effects of the exposure were derived mainly from animal studies, and they show that e-cigarettes can affect fertility. Here, we review recent studies on the effects of exposure to e-cigarettes on facets of morphology and function in the male and female reproductive organs. E-cigarettes, even those which are nicotine-free, contain many harmful substances, including endocrine disruptors, which disturb hormonal balance and morphology and the function of the reproductive organs. E-cigarettes cannot be considered a completely healthy alternative to smoking. As is true for smoking, deleterious effects on the human reproductive system from vaping are likely, from the limited evidence to date. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-cigarettes; vapors; male and female reproductive systems e-cigarettes; vapors; male and female reproductive systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szumilas, K.; Szumilas, P.; Grzywacz, A.; Wilk, A. The Effects of E-Cigarette Vapor Components on the Morphology and Function of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176152

AMA Style

Szumilas K, Szumilas P, Grzywacz A, Wilk A. The Effects of E-Cigarette Vapor Components on the Morphology and Function of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176152

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szumilas, Kamila, Paweł Szumilas, Anna Grzywacz, and Aleksandra Wilk. 2020. "The Effects of E-Cigarette Vapor Components on the Morphology and Function of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176152

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