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Article

Quality of Life in Cohabitants of Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Cross-sectional Study

1
Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, 18012 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 6000; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17166000
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 16 August 2020 / Published: 18 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inflammatory Diseases and Its Impact on Quality of Life)
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that impairs patients’ physical and mental health. However, few studies have considered the consequences of HS on cohabitants. The aims of this study were to explore the impact of HS on the quality of life (QOL) of cohabitants and to assess potentially associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted and patients with HS and their cohabitants were invited to participate. Validated questionnaires were used to measure QOL, anxiety and depression, type D personality and sexual dysfunction. The clinical variables of patients and the demographic characteristics of cohabitants were also collected. Twenty-seven patients and 27 cohabitants were included for analysis. Patients and cohabitants presented significant QOL impairment. A direct association was found between the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Familiar Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI). DLQI scores were associated with the presence of negative affectivity, a trait typical of type D personality, as well as with cohabitants’ anxiety. FDLQI scores were associated with cohabitant anxiety and patient depression. Hidradenitis suppurativa damages quality of life in patients and cohabitants. Identifying potential psychological factors could help us to recognize at-risk patients and apply personalized treatments for them and their environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: hidradenitis suppurativa; quality of life; cohabitants; secondary impact hidradenitis suppurativa; quality of life; cohabitants; secondary impact
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos-Alejos-Pita, C.; Arias-Santiago, S.; Molina-Leyva, A. Quality of Life in Cohabitants of Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Cross-sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17166000

AMA Style

Ramos-Alejos-Pita C, Arias-Santiago S, Molina-Leyva A. Quality of Life in Cohabitants of Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Cross-sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):6000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17166000

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos-Alejos-Pita, Carmen, Salvador Arias-Santiago, and Alejandro Molina-Leyva. 2020. "Quality of Life in Cohabitants of Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Cross-sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 6000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17166000

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