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Open AccessArticle

Dissociable Effects of Executive Load on Perceived Exertion and Emotional Valence during Submaximal Cycling

1
Department of Exercise Physiology, Catholic University San Antonio, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Department of General and Specific Didactics, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
3
Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
4
Biomedical Research Institute of Murcia (IMIB-Arrixaca), 30107 Murcia, Spain
5
Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
6
Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5576; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155576
Received: 8 July 2020 / Revised: 29 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 2 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychophysiological Responses to Stress)
Endurance physical exercise is accompanied by subjective perceptions of exertion (reported perceived exertion, RPE), emotional valence, and arousal. These constructs have been hypothesized to serve as the basis for the exerciser to make decisions regarding when to stop, how to regulate pace, and whether or not to exercise again. In dual physical-cognitive tasks, the mental (executive) workload generated by the cognitive task has been shown to influence these perceptions, in ways that could also influence exercise-related decisions. In the present work, we intend to replicate and extend previous findings that manipulating the amount of executive load imposed by a mental task, performed concomitantly with a submaximal cycling session, influenced emotional states but not perceived exertion. Participants (experienced triathletes) were asked to perform a submaximal cycling task in two conditions with different executive demands (a two-back version of the n-back task vs. oddball) but equated in external physical load. Results showed that the higher executive load condition elicited more arousal and less positive valence than the lower load condition. However, both conditions did not differ in RPE. This experimental dissociation suggests that perceived exertion and its emotional correlates are not interchangeable, which opens the possibility that they could play different roles in exercise-related decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: rating of perceived exertion; valence; arousal; emotion; mental workload; executive workload; affect emotion; exercise rating of perceived exertion; valence; arousal; emotion; mental workload; executive workload; affect emotion; exercise
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ávila-Gandía, V.; Alarcón, F.; Perales, J.C.; López-Román, F.J.; Luque-Rubia, A.J.; Cárdenas, D. Dissociable Effects of Executive Load on Perceived Exertion and Emotional Valence during Submaximal Cycling. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155576

AMA Style

Ávila-Gandía V, Alarcón F, Perales JC, López-Román FJ, Luque-Rubia AJ, Cárdenas D. Dissociable Effects of Executive Load on Perceived Exertion and Emotional Valence during Submaximal Cycling. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155576

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ávila-Gandía, Vicente; Alarcón, Francisco; Perales, José C.; López-Román, F. J.; Luque-Rubia, Antonio J.; Cárdenas, David. 2020. "Dissociable Effects of Executive Load on Perceived Exertion and Emotional Valence during Submaximal Cycling" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 15: 5576. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155576

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