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Effect of Levels of Self-Regulation and Situational Stress on Achievement Emotions in Undergraduate Students: Class, Study and Testing
Open AccessArticle

Undergraduate Student Gender, Personality and Academic Confidence

Department of Psychology, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley TS1 3BX, UK
School of Education and Psychology, University of Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
School of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5567;
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 1 August 2020
Within a socio-situational and socio-behavioural context, the relationships between the Big Five personality traits and the academic confidence of university students and how they differed by sex of the student was explored. Previous research has identified both conscientiousness and academic confidence as being linked to university performance. In respect of sex, female students have been found to score higher on all of the Big Five measures, whereas the relationship between sex and academic confidence has been mixed. Using self-report measures of personality and academic confidence from 1523 Spanish students, it was found that the female students were more confident in their grades, studying and attendance components of academic confidence and had higher scores for conscientiousness, agreeableness and neuroticism personality measures. A multiple regression analysis found that personality predicts academic confidence, with conscientiousness being the trait that statistically loaded the most strongly. This research further confirms the validity of the Academic Behavioural Confidence scale and suggests that measures of personality and, especially, academic confidence could be usefully used in student support situations to help students acquire the strategies and skills that lead to successful university study. It is suggested that further research in the area needs to include outcome or achievement measures and measures of hypothetical constructs, such as personality and academic confidence, that go beyond self-report measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: sex differences; academic confidence; personality; university students sex differences; academic confidence; personality; university students
MDPI and ACS Style

Sander, P.; de la Fuente, J. Undergraduate Student Gender, Personality and Academic Confidence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5567.

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