Next Article in Journal
Autonomy Need Dissatisfaction in Daily Life and Problematic Mobile Phone Use: The Mediating Roles of Boredom Proneness and Mobile Phone Gaming
Next Article in Special Issue
Wider Dental Care Coverage Associated with Lower Oral Health Inequalities: A Comparison Study between Japan and England
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Cardiometabolic Health Outcomes Following Weight Loss in Premenopausal Women with Obesity: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
Violence as the Most Frequent Cause of Oral and Maxillofacial Injuries among the Patients from Low- and Middle-Income Countries—A Retrospective Study at a Level I Trauma University Emergency Department in Switzerland
Open AccessArticle

Differences in Utilization of Medical and Dental Services among Homeless People in South Korea

1
Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung-si 25457, Korea
2
Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5304; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155304
Received: 4 June 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 23 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health Inequalities in the World)
(1) Background: Homelessness contributes to both needs for care and barriers to access. This study aimed to explore the utilization of medical or dental services using Andersen’s model for a vulnerable population of homeless in South Korea. (2) Methods: The data were applied from the first national survey for homeless people in South Korea, 2016. Totally 2032 persons participated in the interview survey. This study team requested the raw data through the public portal and analyzed them. (3) Results: The participants who were homeless for more than ten years, staying in small rooming house or shelter, non-employed, earning less than 500,000 won per month, and having a medical condition showed a significantly higher chance of using Medicaid. The use of outreach programs had a significant relationship with gender, duration of homelessness, and monthly income. Among dental patients, the homeless who did not consume alcohol, stayed in a shelter, and were employed had higher chances of using dental service. (4) Conclusions: Medicaid service was strongly related to enabling factors but outreach programs with predisposing factors. Dental service showed strong relationships with the enabling domain, but the pattern was opposite: the jobless had less chance to avail it. The policymakers need to consider these domains of service utilization to provide equitable access to healthcare services. View Full-Text
Keywords: utilization of health service; medicaid program; outreach program; homeless utilization of health service; medicaid program; outreach program; homeless
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.-H.; Ryu, J.-I.; Jung, S.-H. Differences in Utilization of Medical and Dental Services among Homeless People in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5304.

AMA Style

Lee S-H, Ryu J-I, Jung S-H. Differences in Utilization of Medical and Dental Services among Homeless People in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5304.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Seung-Hyun; Ryu, Jae-In; Jung, Se-Hwan. 2020. "Differences in Utilization of Medical and Dental Services among Homeless People in South Korea" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 15: 5304.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop