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Open AccessArticle

Association Between the Location of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Depressive Symptoms among South Korean Adolescents

1
Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145116
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 11 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health and Well-Being in Adolescence: Environment and Behavior)
The incidence of depression among adolescents has gradually increased, leading to adult psychological outcomes and suicide. Although the rate of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSE) has recently decreased, SHSE remains high in children. We aimed to determine the association between depressive symptoms in adolescents and the locations of SHSE using an extensive population survey. Using data from the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, we assessed self-reported data of depressive symptoms and SHSE among non-smokers. SHSE locations were classified into four groups: only at school, only at home, at both school and home, and other places. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between SHSE locations and depressive symptoms. The relationship between SHSE and depressive symptoms was the highest in the “SHSE at home and school” group (boys: odds ratio [OR] = 1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.44–1.80; girls: OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.54–1.91), followed by the “school” (boys: OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.39–1.67; girls: OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.25–1.48) and “home” groups (boys: OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.12–1.35; girls: OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.20–1.40). These results emphasize the importance of stricter smoking regulations not only in public places, but also in households. Adolescents and their families should be educated on the dangers of smoking and the effects of SHSE on mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondhand smoke; depressive symptoms; adolescent health secondhand smoke; depressive symptoms; adolescent health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, B.N.; Jeong, W.; Kang, S.H.; Jang, S.-I. Association Between the Location of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Depressive Symptoms among South Korean Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145116

AMA Style

Jang BN, Jeong W, Kang SH, Jang S-I. Association Between the Location of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Depressive Symptoms among South Korean Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jang, Bich N.; Jeong, Wonjeong; Kang, Soo H.; Jang, Sung-In. 2020. "Association Between the Location of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Depressive Symptoms among South Korean Adolescents" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 14: 5116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145116

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