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Review

The Efficacy of Workplace Interventions on Improving the Dietary, Physical Activity and Sleep Behaviours of School and Childcare Staff: A Systematic Review

1
Hunter New England Population Health, Hunter New England Area Health Service, Longworth Avenue, Wallsend, NSW 2287, Australia
2
School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
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Priority Research Centre for Health Behaviour, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
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Hunter Medical Research Institute, Kookaburra Circuit, New Lambton Heights, NSW 2305, Australia
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University Library, Academic Division, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
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Health Behaviour Change Research Group, School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, University Road, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland
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Cancer Research Division, Cancer Council New South Wales, 153 Dowling St, Woolloomooloo, NSW 2011, Australia
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School of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 4998; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144998
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 6 July 2020 / Published: 11 July 2020
There is a need for effective interventions that improve the health and wellbeing of school and childcare staff. This review examined the efficacy of workplace interventions to improve the dietary, physical activity and/or sleep behaviours of school and childcare staff. A secondary aim of the review was to assess changes in staff physical/mental health, productivity, and students’ health behaviours. Nine databases were searched for controlled trials including randomised and non-randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental trials published in English up to October 2019. PRISMA guidelines informed screening and study selection procedures. Data were not suitable for quantitative pooling. Of 12,396 records screened, seven articles (based on six studies) were included. Most studies used multi-component interventions including educational resources, work-based wellness committees and planned group practice (e.g., walking groups). Multiple outcomes were assessed, findings were mixed and on average, there was moderate risk of bias. Between-group differences in dietary and physical activity behaviours (i.e., fruit/vegetable intake, leisure-time physical activity) favoured intervention groups, but were statistically non-significant for most outcomes. Some of the studies also showed differences favouring controls (i.e., nutrient intake, fatty food consumption). Additional robust studies testing the efficacy of workplace interventions to improve the health of educational staff are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace; health promotion; school staff; physical activity; diet; sleep health workplace; health promotion; school staff; physical activity; diet; sleep health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nathan, N.; Murawski, B.; Hope, K.; Young, S.; Sutherland, R.; Hodder, R.; Booth, D.; Toomey, E.; Yoong, S.L.; Reilly, K.; Tzelepis, F.; Taylor, N.; Wolfenden, L. The Efficacy of Workplace Interventions on Improving the Dietary, Physical Activity and Sleep Behaviours of School and Childcare Staff: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4998. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144998

AMA Style

Nathan N, Murawski B, Hope K, Young S, Sutherland R, Hodder R, Booth D, Toomey E, Yoong SL, Reilly K, Tzelepis F, Taylor N, Wolfenden L. The Efficacy of Workplace Interventions on Improving the Dietary, Physical Activity and Sleep Behaviours of School and Childcare Staff: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):4998. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144998

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nathan, Nicole, Beatrice Murawski, Kirsty Hope, Sarah Young, Rachel Sutherland, Rebecca Hodder, Debbie Booth, Elaine Toomey, Sze L. Yoong, Kathryn Reilly, Flora Tzelepis, Natalie Taylor, and Luke Wolfenden. 2020. "The Efficacy of Workplace Interventions on Improving the Dietary, Physical Activity and Sleep Behaviours of School and Childcare Staff: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 4998. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144998

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