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Open AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Cigarette Smoking Cessation in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Results from the 2015 National Adult Tobacco Survey

1
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Stephenson Cancer Center, Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
2
National Center for Laboratory and Epidemiology, Ministry of Health of Lao PDR, Vientiane, Laos
3
Ministry of Health of Lao PDR, Vientiane, Laos
4
Lao Tropical and Public Health Institute, Ministry of Health of Lao PDR, Vientiane, Laos
5
Secretariat of the National Tobacco Control Committee, Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, Ministry of Health of Lao PDR, Vientiane, Laos
6
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 4953; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144953
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 21 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 9 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control)
Cigarette smoking represents a major public health problem in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). This study aims to examine factors associated with cigarette smoking cessation attempts and intention to quit. Data were from the Lao National Adult Tobacco Survey that consisted of 7562 participants ≥15 years old. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations, adjusted for sex, age groups, education level, income per day, and smoking frequency. Results show that past quit attempts were associated with visiting a healthcare provider in the past year (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.74, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.28–2.35), home smoking bans (AOR: 5.52, 95% CI: 2.13–14.33), noticing media-based messages informing the dangers of smoking or encouraging quitting (AOR: 3.25, 95% CI: 2.28–4.63), noticing health warnings on cigarette packages in the past 30 days (AOR: 3.33, 95% CI: 2.21–5.03), and believing that smoking is seriously harmful to their health (AOR: 3.45, 95% CI: 1.24–9.57). The Lao PDR government should continue implementing tobacco control policies that demonstrated associations with cessation attempts or intention to quit, such as smoke-free environments and required health warnings on cigarette packages. Tobacco cessation treatment programs are pressingly needed in Lao PDR. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco use; cigarette smoking; cessation; Lao People’s Democratic Republic tobacco use; cigarette smoking; cessation; Lao People’s Democratic Republic
MDPI and ACS Style

Bui, T.C.; Xangsayarath, P.; Douangvichith, D.; Siengsounthone, L.; Phandouangsy, K.; Tran, L.T.-H.; Businelle, M.S. Factors Associated with Cigarette Smoking Cessation in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Results from the 2015 National Adult Tobacco Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144953

AMA Style

Bui TC, Xangsayarath P, Douangvichith D, Siengsounthone L, Phandouangsy K, Tran LT-H, Businelle MS. Factors Associated with Cigarette Smoking Cessation in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Results from the 2015 National Adult Tobacco Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144953

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bui, Thanh C.; Xangsayarath, Phonepadith; Douangvichith, Daovieng; Siengsounthone, Latsamy; Phandouangsy, Khatthanaphone; Tran, Ly T.-H.; Businelle, Michael S. 2020. "Factors Associated with Cigarette Smoking Cessation in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Results from the 2015 National Adult Tobacco Survey" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 14: 4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144953

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