Next Article in Journal
Digital versus Conventional Impression Taking Focusing on Interdental Areas: A Clinical Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Monitoring of the Organophosphate Pesticide Chlorpyrifos in Vegetable Samples from Local Markets in Northern Thailand by Developed Immunoassay
Open AccessArticle

High Mobility and STIs/HIV among Women Informal Cross Border Traders in Southern Mozambique: Exploring Knowledge, Risk Perception, and Sexual Behaviors

1
Instituto Superior de Ciências de Saúde—ISCISA, 0101 Maputo, Mozambique
2
International Public Health and Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, NOVA, University of Lisbon, 1349-008 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, UNL, 1349-008 Lisboa, Portugal
4
Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, 0101 Maputo, Mozambique
5
NOVA National School of Public Health, Public Health Research Centre, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa & Comprehensive Health Research Center (CHRC), 1600-560 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4724; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134724
Received: 23 May 2020 / Revised: 13 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
High circular mobility creates vulnerability and elevates risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). We aim to explore knowledge, perceptions of risk, and sexual behaviors in relation to STIs/HIV, in Mozambican women involved in an informal cross border trade (ICBT) and residing in South Mozambique. A cross-sectional quantitative study, in 200 women cross border traders (WICBT), affiliated to the Mukhero Association, using a structured, face-to-face questionnaire, was conducted. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s Chi-square test were used. The median age of participants was 37.0 years (interquartile range (IQR): 31.0–43.0), 100% were literate, travelled on average six times a month. WICBT with a high education level were more likely to have awareness of Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Candidiasis; to self-perceive being at risk of getting HIV, Syphilis, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV); and to test for HIV and Syphilis. Those with a low education level were more likely to have misconceptions about HIV and ever have sex in exchange for money/goods/services. Married participants were more likely to know how to prevent HIV. Participants with a high income were more likely to know about HPV; to self-perceive being at risk of getting Syphilis; to point sex workers as being at higher risk of getting HPV; and to ever test for HIV. WICBT with a low income were more likely to have sex in exchange for money/goods/services. Low and inconsistent knowledge and misconceptions of STIs/HIV, high sexual risky behavior, low perception of risk of getting STIs/HIV among this neglected and key population suggests their increased vulnerability to the STIs/HIV. View Full-Text
Keywords: women; informal; cross-border; traders; circular mobility; behaviors; knowledge; STIs/HIV women; informal; cross-border; traders; circular mobility; behaviors; knowledge; STIs/HIV
Show Figures

Figure 1

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1234567
MDPI and ACS Style

Salia, J.G.; Sidat, M.; Dias, S.F.; Martins, M.R.O.; Craveiro, I. High Mobility and STIs/HIV among Women Informal Cross Border Traders in Southern Mozambique: Exploring Knowledge, Risk Perception, and Sexual Behaviors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4724.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop