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Open AccessArticle

Redesigning Portable Health Clinic Platform as a Remote Healthcare System to Tackle COVID-19 Pandemic Situation in Unreached Communities

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Department of Advanced Information Technology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
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School of Business, Emporia State University, Emporia, KS 66801, USA
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Medical Information Center, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
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Institute of Decision Science for Sustainable Society, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
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Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
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Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan
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Yunus Center, Asian Institute of Technology, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 1212, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4709; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134709
Received: 22 May 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 28 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Medical staff carry an inordinate risk of infection from patients, and many doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers are affected by COVID-19 worldwide. The unreached communities with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as chronic cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, digestive, or renal diseases became more vulnerable during this pandemic situation. In both cases, Remote Healthcare Systems (RHS) may help minimize the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. This study used the WHO guidelines and Design Science Research (DSR) framework to redesign the Portable Health Clinic (PHC), an RHS, for the containment of the spread of COVID-19 as well as proposed corona logic (C-Logic) for the main symptoms of COVID-19. Using the distributed service platform of PHC, a trained healthcare worker with appropriate testing kits can screen high-risk individuals and can help optimize triage to medical services. PHC with its new triage algorithm (C-Logic) classifies the patients according to whether the patient needs to move to a clinic for a PCR test. Through modified PHC service, we can help people to boost their knowledge, attitude (feelings/beliefs), and self-efficacy to execute preventing measures. Our initial examination of the suitability of the PHC and its associated technologies as a key contributor to public health responses is designed to “flatten the curve”, particularly among unreached high-risk NCD populations in developing countries. Theoretically, this study contributes to design science research by introducing a modified healthcare providing model. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; unreached communities; developing countries; portable health clinic; remote healthcare system COVID-19; unreached communities; developing countries; portable health clinic; remote healthcare system
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Sampa, M.B.; Hoque, M.R.; Islam, R.; Nishikitani, M.; Nakashima, N.; Yokota, F.; Kikuchi, K.; Rahman, M.M.; Shah, F.; Ahmed, A. Redesigning Portable Health Clinic Platform as a Remote Healthcare System to Tackle COVID-19 Pandemic Situation in Unreached Communities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4709.

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