Next Article in Journal
Impact of Social Jetlag on Weight Change in Adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2017
Next Article in Special Issue
COVID-19 Home Confinement Negatively Impacts Social Participation and Life Satisfaction: A Worldwide Multicenter Study
Previous Article in Journal
Gender Differences in the Impact of Intergenerational Support on Depressive Symptoms among Older Adults in Korea
Article

How Much Support Is There for the Recommendations Made to the General Population during Confinement? A Study during the First Three Days of the COVID–19 Quarantine in Spain

1
Department of Basic and Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Jaume I University, 12071 Castellon de la Plana, Spain
2
Murcia Health Service, 30800 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Personality, Assessment, and Psychological Treatments, Murcia University, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4382; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124382
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 18 June 2020
Background: Recommendations on lifestyles during quarantine have been proposed by researchers and institutions since the COVID–19 crisis emerged. However, most of these have never been tested under real quarantine situations or derive from older investigations conducted mostly in China and Canada in the face of infections other than COVID–19. The present study aimed at exploring the relationship between a comprehensive set of recommended lifestyles, socio–demographic, and personality variables and mood during the first stages of quarantine. Methods: A virtual snow–ball recollection technique was used to disseminate the survey across the general population in Spain starting the first day of mandatory quarantine (15 March 2020) until three days later (17 March). In total, 2683 Spanish adults (mean age = 34.86 years, SD = 13.74 years; 77.7% women) from the general population completed measures on socio–demographic, COVID–related, behavioral, personality/cognitive, and mood characteristics. Results: In the present study, depression and anger were higher than levels reported in a previous investigation before the COVID–19 crisis, while vigor, friendliness, and fatigue were lower. Anxiety levels were comparable. The expected direction of associations was confirmed for the majority of predictors. However, effect sizes were generally small and only a subset of them correlated to most outcomes. Intolerance of unpleasant emotions, neuroticism, and, to a lesser extent, agreeableness, sleep quality, young age, and time spent Internet surfing were the most robust and strongest correlates of mood states. Conclusions: Some recommended lifestyles (i.e., maintaining good quality of sleep and reducing Internet surfing) might be more important than others during the first days of quarantine. Promoting tolerance to unpleasant emotions (e.g., through online, self–managed programs) might also be of upmost importance. So far, recommendations have been made in general, but certain subgroups (e.g., certain personality profiles and young adults) might be especially vulnerable and should receive more attention. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID–19; mood states; quarantine; lifestyle; frustration intolerance COVID–19; mood states; quarantine; lifestyle; frustration intolerance
MDPI and ACS Style

Suso-Ribera, C.; Martín-Brufau, R. How Much Support Is There for the Recommendations Made to the General Population during Confinement? A Study during the First Three Days of the COVID–19 Quarantine in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124382

AMA Style

Suso-Ribera C, Martín-Brufau R. How Much Support Is There for the Recommendations Made to the General Population during Confinement? A Study during the First Three Days of the COVID–19 Quarantine in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124382

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suso-Ribera, Carlos, and Ramón Martín-Brufau. 2020. "How Much Support Is There for the Recommendations Made to the General Population during Confinement? A Study during the First Three Days of the COVID–19 Quarantine in Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124382

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop