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Review

Physical Activity Promotion: A Systematic Review of The Perceptions of Healthcare Professionals

1
College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
2
Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
3
College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4358; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124358
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 13 June 2020 / Accepted: 14 June 2020 / Published: 18 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Physical activity (PA) is a cost-effective and non-pharmacological foundation for the prevention and management of chronic and complex diseases. Healthcare professionals could be viable conduits for PA promotion. However, the evidence regarding the effectiveness and benefits of the current forms of PA promotion are inconclusive. Healthcare professionals’ perceptions on key determinants impact on the optimum promotion of PA were explored in this review. Thirty-four (34) studies were identified after systematically searching seven databases for peer-reviewed articles published within the last decade. PA advice or counselling was the most recorded form of PA promotion, limited counselling time was the most reported obstacle while providing incentives was viewed as a key facilitator. There is widespread consensus among healthcare professionals (HCPs) on some aspects of PA promotion. Utilisation of all PA promotional pathways to their full potential could be an essential turning point towards the optimal success of PA promotional goals. Hence, strategies are required to broaden chronic disease treatment methods to include preventive and integrative PA promotion approaches particularly, between frontline HCPs (e.g., GPs) and PA specialists (e.g., EPs). Future studies could explore the functionality of GP to EP referral pathways to determining what currently works and areas requiring further development. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity promotion; healthcare professionals; primary healthcare; physical activity; physical inactivity physical activity promotion; healthcare professionals; primary healthcare; physical activity; physical inactivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Albert, F.A.; Crowe, M.J.; Malau-Aduli, A.E.O.; Malau-Aduli, B.S. Physical Activity Promotion: A Systematic Review of The Perceptions of Healthcare Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124358

AMA Style

Albert FA, Crowe MJ, Malau-Aduli AEO, Malau-Aduli BS. Physical Activity Promotion: A Systematic Review of The Perceptions of Healthcare Professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Albert, Francis A., Melissa J. Crowe, Aduli E. O. Malau-Aduli, and Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli. 2020. "Physical Activity Promotion: A Systematic Review of The Perceptions of Healthcare Professionals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124358

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