Next Article in Journal
Identification of Time-Invariant Biomarkers for Non-Genotoxic Hepatocarcinogen Assessment
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Levels of Self-Regulation and Situational Stress on Achievement Emotions in Undergraduate Students: Class, Study and Testing
Article

Clinical Factors, Preventive Behaviours and Temporal Outcomes Associated with COVID-19 Infection in Health Professionals at a Spanish Hospital

1
Service of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Cecilio, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
3
Instituto de investigación biosanitaria de Granada, ibs.GRANADA, 18012 Granada, Spain
4
Chair of Teaching and Research in Family Medicine SEMERGEN-UGR, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
5
Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica en Red (CIBER) de Epidemiología y Salud Pública de España, CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4305; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124305
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has quickly spread around the world, with Spain being one of the most severely affected countries. Healthcare professionals are an important risk group given their exposure. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of symptoms, main concerns as patients, preventive behaviours of healthcare professionals, and the different temporal outcomes associated with the negativization of PCR results. A total of 238 professionals were analysed and follow-up was conducted from 11 March to 21 April 2020 through clinical records, in-depth surveys, and telephone interviews. Symptoms, concerns, and preventive measures were documented, and temporal outcomes (start and end of symptoms, first positive PCR, and negativization of PCR) were analysed through survival analyses. A high prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms (especially in women and older professionals), fever, cough, and fatigue were reported. The main concern was contagion in the work and home environment. Professionals (especially men) reported low use of face masks before the pandemic. Our analysis indicates that the median times for the negativization of PCR testing to confirm the resolution of infection is 15 days after the end of symptoms, or 25 days after the first positive PCR test. Our results suggest that these times are longer for women and for professionals aged ≥55 years, therefore follow-up strategies should be optimized in light of both variables. This is the first study we are aware of to report factors associated with the time to negativization of PCR results. We present the first rigorous estimates of time outcomes and hope that these data can be valuable to continue feeding the prediction models that are currently being developed. Similar studies are required to corroborate our results. View Full-Text
Keywords: follow-up; healthcare; professionals; COVID; SARS-CoV-2; PCR; negativization follow-up; healthcare; professionals; COVID; SARS-CoV-2; PCR; negativization
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rivera-Izquierdo, M.; Valero-Ubierna, M.d.C.; Martínez-Diz, S.; Fernández-García, M.Á.; Martín-Romero, D.T.; Maldonado-Rodríguez, F.; Sánchez-Pérez, M.R.; Martín-delosReyes, L.M.; Martínez-Ruiz, V.; Lardelli-Claret, P.; Jiménez-Mejías, E. Clinical Factors, Preventive Behaviours and Temporal Outcomes Associated with COVID-19 Infection in Health Professionals at a Spanish Hospital. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124305

AMA Style

Rivera-Izquierdo M, Valero-Ubierna MdC, Martínez-Diz S, Fernández-García MÁ, Martín-Romero DT, Maldonado-Rodríguez F, Sánchez-Pérez MR, Martín-delosReyes LM, Martínez-Ruiz V, Lardelli-Claret P, Jiménez-Mejías E. Clinical Factors, Preventive Behaviours and Temporal Outcomes Associated with COVID-19 Infection in Health Professionals at a Spanish Hospital. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rivera-Izquierdo, Mario, María d.C. Valero-Ubierna, Silvia Martínez-Diz, Miguel Á. Fernández-García, Divina T. Martín-Romero, Francisco Maldonado-Rodríguez, María R. Sánchez-Pérez, Luis M. Martín-delosReyes, Virginia Martínez-Ruiz, Pablo Lardelli-Claret, and Eladio Jiménez-Mejías. 2020. "Clinical Factors, Preventive Behaviours and Temporal Outcomes Associated with COVID-19 Infection in Health Professionals at a Spanish Hospital" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124305

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop