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Article

Cross-Sectional Associations of Total Daily Volume and Activity Patterns across the Activity Spectrum with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents

1
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
2
Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville 3052, Australia
3
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville 3010, Australia
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Melbourne School of Global and Population Health, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton 3053, Australia
5
Research Institute of Sport and Exercise, University of Canberra, Bruce 2601, Australia
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Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne 3000, Australia
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School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 749H+FP, China
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School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
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School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Australia
10
Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
11
Australian National University Medical School, Australian National University, Garran 2605, Australia
12
Applied Sports, Technology, Exercise and Medicine Research Centre, Swansea University, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4286; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124286
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 13 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
Sedentary and physical activity patterns (bouts/breaks) may be important for cardiometabolic health in early life. This study aimed to examine cross-sectional associations of total daily volume and patterns across the activity spectrum with cardiometabolic risk factors in youth aged 7–13 years. Objectively measured accelerometer and cardiometabolic risk factor data were pooled from two studies (n = 1219; 69% valid accelerometry). Total daily volume of sedentary time and light-, moderate-, and vigorous-intensity physical activity was determined. Time in sustained bouts and median bout lengths of all intensities and breaks in sedentary time were also calculated. Outcomes included body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipids, and a cardiometabolic summary score. Regression models revealed beneficial associations between total daily volumes of moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity and cardiometabolic risk. Time spent in ≥1 min vigorous-intensity physical activity bouts was beneficially associated with cardiometabolic risk, yet this disappeared after adjusting for total vigorous-intensity physical activity and confounders. Time accumulated in light- (≥1 min; ≥5 min) and moderate-intensity (≥1 min) physical activity bouts was detrimentally associated with cardiometabolic risk. Total daily volume and activity patterns may have implications for cardiometabolic risk early in life. Sporadic physical activity may be more beneficial for health than sustained physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sedentary behavior; accumulation patterns; child; adolescent; cardiometabolic health physical activity; sedentary behavior; accumulation patterns; child; adolescent; cardiometabolic health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Verswijveren, S.J.J.M.; Lamb, K.E.; Timperio, A.; Salmon, J.; Telford, R.M.; Daly, R.M.; Cerin, E.; Hume, C.; Olive, L.S.; Mackintosh, K.A.; McNarry, M.A.; Ridgers, N.D. Cross-Sectional Associations of Total Daily Volume and Activity Patterns across the Activity Spectrum with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124286

AMA Style

Verswijveren SJJM, Lamb KE, Timperio A, Salmon J, Telford RM, Daly RM, Cerin E, Hume C, Olive LS, Mackintosh KA, McNarry MA, Ridgers ND. Cross-Sectional Associations of Total Daily Volume and Activity Patterns across the Activity Spectrum with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124286

Chicago/Turabian Style

Verswijveren, Simone J.J.M., Karen E. Lamb, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Rohan M. Telford, Robin M. Daly, Ester Cerin, Clare Hume, Lisa S. Olive, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Melitta A. McNarry, and Nicola D. Ridgers 2020. "Cross-Sectional Associations of Total Daily Volume and Activity Patterns across the Activity Spectrum with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124286

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