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Review

Antibiotic Resistance in Minimally Human-Impacted Environments

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3939; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113939
Received: 13 April 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Microbiology)
Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) have become contaminants of concern in environmental systems. Studies investigating environmental ARB have primarily focused on environments that are greatly impacted by anthropogenic activity. Background concentrations of ARB in natural environments is not well understood. This review summarizes the current literature on the monitoring of ARB and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in environments less impacted by human activity. Both ARB and ARGs have been detected on the Antarctic continent, on isolated glaciers, and in remote alpine environments. The methods for detecting and quantifying ARB and ARGs from the environment are not standardized and warrant optimization. Further research should be focused on the detection and quantification of ARB and ARGs along human gradients to better characterize the factors leading to their dissemination in remote environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic resistance; environment; anthropogenic activity; methodology antibiotic resistance; environment; anthropogenic activity; methodology
MDPI and ACS Style

Scott, L.C.; Lee, N.; Aw, T.G. Antibiotic Resistance in Minimally Human-Impacted Environments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113939

AMA Style

Scott LC, Lee N, Aw TG. Antibiotic Resistance in Minimally Human-Impacted Environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113939

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scott, Laura C., Nicholas Lee, and Tiong G. Aw 2020. "Antibiotic Resistance in Minimally Human-Impacted Environments" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113939

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