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Article

The Effect of Domain-Specific Sitting Time and Exercise Habits on Metabolic Syndrome in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study

by 1,2,* and 1,2
1
Occupational Epidemiology Research Group, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kawasaki 214-8585, Japan
2
Research Center for Overwork-Related Disorders, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kawasaki 214-8585, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3883; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113883
Received: 3 May 2020 / Revised: 22 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour and Health)
The effects of domain-specific (i.e., occupational, leisure-time on workday, and holiday) sitting time (ST), and exercise on metabolic syndrome (MetS) development are insufficiently studied. The present study aimed to examine the single and combined effects of each domain-specific ST and exercise habits on MetS. The total and domain-specific STs of 5530 participants were collected using a validated questionnaire. The multiple logistic regression analyses determined the effects of each domain-specific ST and exercise habit on MetS. Of all participants, 7.8% had MetS. Odds ratios (ORs) for MetS were significant only in the group with the longest leisure-time ST on holidays (OR, 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–1.83); we found no significant associations with any other domain-specific ST after statistical adjustment for confounders. The no-habitual-exercise group clearly had a higher risk for MetS (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.15–1.80). The significantly higher ORs for MetS was shown in only the combined longer total ST (OR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.12–2.39) and holiday ST (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.30–2.59) with no habitual exercise. These findings suggested that accumulated daily total ST, particularly leisure-time ST on holidays with no-habitual exercise, can increase the risk of MetS and it could possibly be mitigated by habitual exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behavior; occupational health; leisure activity; sitting; physical activity sedentary behavior; occupational health; leisure activity; sitting; physical activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

So, R.; Matsuo, T. The Effect of Domain-Specific Sitting Time and Exercise Habits on Metabolic Syndrome in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113883

AMA Style

So R, Matsuo T. The Effect of Domain-Specific Sitting Time and Exercise Habits on Metabolic Syndrome in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113883

Chicago/Turabian Style

So, Rina, and Tomoaki Matsuo. 2020. "The Effect of Domain-Specific Sitting Time and Exercise Habits on Metabolic Syndrome in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113883

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