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Dental Public Health Landscape: Challenges, Technological Innovation and Opportunities in the 21st Century and COVID-19 Pandemic
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Covid-19 Pandemic: What Changes for Dentists and Oral Medicine Experts? A Narrative Review and Novel Approaches to Infection Containment

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71121 Foggia, Italy
2
Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences (Di.Chir.On.S.), University of Palermo, 90121 Palermo, Italy
3
C.I.N.B.O. (Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Bio-Oncologia), 66100 Chieti, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3793; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113793
Received: 3 May 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 23 May 2020 / Published: 27 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Public Health: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities)
The authors performed a narrative review on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- CoronaVirus-2 ( SARS-CoV-2) and all infectious agents with the primary endpoints to illustrate the most accepted models of safety protocols in dentistry and oral medicine, and to propose an easy view of the problem and a comparison (pre- vs post-COVID19) for the most common dental procedures. The outcome is forecast to help dentists to individuate for a given procedure the differences in terms of safety protocols to avoid infectious contagion (by SARS-CoV-2 and others dangerous agents). An investigation was performed on the online databases Pubmed and Scopus using a combination of free words and Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms: “dentist” OR “oral health” AND “COVID-19” OR “SARS-CoV-2” OR “coronavirus-19”. After a brief excursus on all infectious agents transmittable at the dental chair, the authors described all the personal protective equipment (PPE) actually on the market and their indications, and on the basis of the literature, they compared (before and after COVID-19 onset) the correct safety procedures for each dental practice studied, underlining the danger of underestimating, in general, dental cross-infections. The authors have highlighted the importance of knowing exactly the risk of infections in the dental practice, and to modulate correctly the use of PPE, in order to invest adequate financial resources and to avoid exposing both the dental team and patients to preventable risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; personal protective equipment (PPE); dentistry; oral medicine COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; personal protective equipment (PPE); dentistry; oral medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bizzoca, M.E.; Campisi, G.; Lo Muzio, L. Covid-19 Pandemic: What Changes for Dentists and Oral Medicine Experts? A Narrative Review and Novel Approaches to Infection Containment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113793

AMA Style

Bizzoca ME, Campisi G, Lo Muzio L. Covid-19 Pandemic: What Changes for Dentists and Oral Medicine Experts? A Narrative Review and Novel Approaches to Infection Containment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113793

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bizzoca, Maria E.; Campisi, Giuseppina; Lo Muzio, Lorenzo. 2020. "Covid-19 Pandemic: What Changes for Dentists and Oral Medicine Experts? A Narrative Review and Novel Approaches to Infection Containment" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 11: 3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113793

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