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Open AccessArticle

Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) among Employees of Hospitality Venues in the Light of Changes in Anti-Tobacco Legislation in Poland

1
Social Medicine Unit, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, 90-647 Łódź, Poland
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, President Stanislaw Wojciechowski State Vocational Academy in Kalisz, 62-800 Kalisz, Poland
3
Sanok Medical Institute, State Vocational Academy in Sanok, 38-500 Sanok, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3691; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103691
Received: 19 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
Introduction: Numerous studies conducted in Europe and worldwide have indicated that employees of hospitality venues are the most exposed professional group to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to assess the exposure of employees of hospitality venues to ETS in the light of changes in anti-tobacco legislation in Poland. Materials and methods: The study consisted of two stages. The first stage was conducted in 2010, while the second in 2015. The study was conducted among employees of 300 randomly selected hospitality venues in the city of Łódź (Poland). In total, 2607 questionnaires were analysed. The study used two survey questionnaires created and recommended by the Institute for Global Tobacco Control to study exposure to ETS. Statistical analysis was made with Statistica 13.1 PL (StatSoft, Poland). Results: In the group of all nonsmoking employees, individuals exposed to ETS at work in 2010 accounted for 72.6%; while in 2015 it was 51.8%. Factors affecting exposure to ETS in the workplace included, among others: age, marital status, education, position held, presence of a smoking room on the premises, and noncompliance with the provisions of the anti-tobacco laws. Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco smoking among employees of hospitality venues decreased in 2010–2015, however, it remained high. More than half of nonsmoking employees were exposed to ETS at work. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; tobacco smoke; exposure to tobacco smoke; ETS; anti-tobacco law; hospitality venues smoking; tobacco smoke; exposure to tobacco smoke; ETS; anti-tobacco law; hospitality venues
MDPI and ACS Style

Krakowiak, E.; Sygit, K.; Sygit, M.; Cipora, E.; Krakowiak, J. Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) among Employees of Hospitality Venues in the Light of Changes in Anti-Tobacco Legislation in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3691.

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