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Improving Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction in Healthcare: A Study Concept Design on a Participatory Organizational Level Intervention in Psychosocial Risks Management

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, Italian National Workers Compensation Authority, via Fontana Candida, Monte Porzio Catone, 00078 Rome, Italy
2
Institute of Work Psychology, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
3
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3677; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103677
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 16 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
This paper contributes to the literature on organizational interventions on occupational health by presenting a concept study design to test the efficacy of a Participatory Organizational-level Intervention to improve working conditions and job satisfaction in Healthcare. The Participatory Organizational-level Intervention is developed using the Italian methodology to assess and manage psychosocial risks tailored to Healthcare. We added an additional step: evaluation, aiming to examine how the intervention works, what worked for whom and in which circumstances. This ongoing study is conducted in collaboration with two large Italian hospitals (more than 7000 employees). The study design comprises a quasi-experimental approach consisting of five phases and surveys distributed pre- and post-intervention aiming to capture improvements in working conditions and job satisfaction. Moreover, to evaluate the efficacy of the Intervention in terms of process and content, we use a realist evaluation to test Context-Mechanisms-Outcome (CMO) configurations. We collect contextual factors at baseline and during and post-intervention process data on the key principles of line manager support and employees participation. This study is expected to provide insights on methods and strategies to improve working conditions and employees’ job satisfaction and on national policies in the occupational health framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational safety and health; working conditions; psychosocial risks; job satisfaction; work-related stress occupational safety and health; working conditions; psychosocial risks; job satisfaction; work-related stress
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Di Tecco, C.; Nielsen, K.; Ghelli, M.; Ronchetti, M.; Marzocchi, I.; Persechino, B.; Iavicoli, S. Improving Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction in Healthcare: A Study Concept Design on a Participatory Organizational Level Intervention in Psychosocial Risks Management. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3677.

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