Next Article in Journal
An Italian Network of Population-Based Birth Cohorts to Evaluate Social and Environmental Risk Factors on Pregnancy Outcomes: The LEAP Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Social Dialogue and Psychosocial Risk Management: Added Value of Manager and Employee Representative Agreement in Risk Perception and Awareness
Previous Article in Journal
Sex Differences in Association of Elevated Blood Pressure with Variables Characterizing Cardiometabolic Risk in Young Subjects with or Without Metabolic Abnormalities
Previous Article in Special Issue
Accumulated Long-Term Exposure to Workplace Bullying Impairs Psychological Hardiness: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study among Nurses
Open AccessArticle

The Interplay among Age and Employment Status on the Perceptions of Psychosocial Risk Factors at Work

1
Department of Psychology, Sapienza—University of Rome, 00146 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Vancouver, WA 98686, USA
3
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, INAIL—Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (INAIL), 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Rome), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3611; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103611
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 16 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
While the role of individual differences in shaping primary appraisals of psychosocial working conditions has been well investigated, less is known about how objective characteristics of the employee profile (e.g., age) are associated with different perceptions of psychosocial risk factors. Moreover, previous research on the link between employment status (i.e., work contract) and such perceptions has provided mixed results, leading to contradictory conclusions. The present study was conducted on a nationally representative sample of theItalian employed workforce surveyed with computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) methodology. The principal aim of the study is to bridge this gap in the extant literature by investigating the interplay between two key characteristics of the employee profile (i.e., age and work contract) in shaping employees’ perceptions of psychosocial risk factors. Given the disparate literature scenario on the interplay between age and employment status in shaping primary appraisals of psychosocial stressors, we formulated and compared multiple competitive informative hypotheses. Consistent with the principles of the conservation of resources (COR) theory, we found that older contingent employees reported a higher level of psychosocial risk than their permanent peers who, in turn, were more vulnerable than middle-aged and younger workers (regardless of their employment status). These results highlight the importance of simultaneously assessing multipleobjective variables of the employee profile (i.e., age and employment status) which may act to shape subjective perceptions of psychosocial risk factors for work-related stress. Given our findings, employers and policy makers should consider older contingent employees as one of the workforce sub-populationsmost vulnerable to negative work environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: age; aging; Bayes factor; contingent work; employment status; psychosocial risk factors at work; Bayesian informative hypotheses; work-related stress; work contract age; aging; Bayes factor; contingent work; employment status; psychosocial risk factors at work; Bayesian informative hypotheses; work-related stress; work contract
MDPI and ACS Style

Ghezzi, V.; Probst, T.M.; Petitta, L.; Ciampa, V.; Ronchetti, M.; Di Tecco, C.; Iavicoli, S.; Barbaranelli, C. The Interplay among Age and Employment Status on the Perceptions of Psychosocial Risk Factors at Work. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3611.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop