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Open AccessArticle

Can We Predict the Evolution of Depressive Symptoms, Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support of Pregnant Women from Their Personality Characteristics? a Technology-Supported Longitudinal Study

1
Nursing Department, Universitat Jaume I de Castelló, Castelló de la Plana, 12071 Valencia, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Departmento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3439; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103439
Received: 24 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 14 May 2020
Background: Research exploring the relationship between personality and important pregnancy outcomes (i.e., depressive symptoms, adjustment, and perceived social support) tends to be cross-sectional, arguably due to the difficulties of conducting longitudinal and mental health research in this population. The objective of this study is to use a web-based solution to longitudinally explore how personality traits are associated, not only with the co-occurrence of these outcomes but also with their evolution during pregnancy. Stability and change of these outcomes will also be investigated. Methods: The sample included 85 pregnant women attending several medical centers in Spain. The web-based assessment included sociodemographic and obstetric variables (ad hoc) and personality (at the second trimester only), and outcomes at both the second and the third trimester (i.e., depressive symptoms, adjustment, and perceived social support). Results: The results showed that adjustment worsened from the second to the third trimester of pregnancy. Neuroticism (N), low extraversion (E), and psychoticism (P) were cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with outcomes. In addition, N and, to a lesser extent P, uniquely contributed to the evolution of these outcomes in the multivariate analyses, including autoregressions. Conclusion: Personality and especially N and P should be evaluated early during pregnancy mental health screening. The use of a web page appears to be a useful tool for that purpose. Technologies might also help disseminate mental health prevention programs for these women, which would be especially recommended for those with a personality profile characterized by high N and P and, to a lesser extent, low E. View Full-Text
Keywords: information and communication technologies; pregnancy; personality; depression; adjustment; social support information and communication technologies; pregnancy; personality; depression; adjustment; social support
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andreu-Pejó, L.; Martínez-Borba, V.; Suso-Ribera, C.; Osma, J. Can We Predict the Evolution of Depressive Symptoms, Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support of Pregnant Women from Their Personality Characteristics? a Technology-Supported Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3439. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103439

AMA Style

Andreu-Pejó L, Martínez-Borba V, Suso-Ribera C, Osma J. Can We Predict the Evolution of Depressive Symptoms, Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support of Pregnant Women from Their Personality Characteristics? a Technology-Supported Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3439. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103439

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andreu-Pejó, Laura; Martínez-Borba, Verónica; Suso-Ribera, Carlos; Osma, Jorge. 2020. "Can We Predict the Evolution of Depressive Symptoms, Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support of Pregnant Women from Their Personality Characteristics? a Technology-Supported Longitudinal Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 10: 3439. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103439

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