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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients Treated for Maxillofacial Fractures

1
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior, 25-375 Kielce, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
4
Department of Clinical Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010004
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 16 December 2019 / Published: 18 December 2019
Maxillofacial fractures (MFF) belong to the major modern medicine and public health concerns. The recovery from MFF is associated with a number of social problems. The patient’s mood may be affected by the change in self-image and lack of satisfaction with life, in many cases leading to a deepening of mental health disorders, resulting in alcoholism, loss of job or conflicts in the area of family life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of patients with MFF, with respect to demographic and medical variables. The mean age of the 227 patients was 36 years. The mandible was the most frequent MFF location (52.9%), followed by the zygomatic bone (30.8%) then the maxilla (16.3%). Bone fracture displacement occurred in 79.3% of patients. A comminuted fracture was found in 71% of patients. The quality of life of patients with MFF was significantly better in all analyzed domains 3 months after the end of hospitalization compared to the initial survey carried out shortly after implementation of the treatment. Among the demographic variables, older age had a statistically significant but weak positive association with the improvement of the quality of life of respondents in General health perception domain. View Full-Text
Keywords: maxillofacial fractures; quality of life; conservative treatment; hospitalization maxillofacial fractures; quality of life; conservative treatment; hospitalization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sikora, M.; Chlubek, M.; Grochans, E.; Jurczak, A.; Safranow, K.; Chlubek, D. Analysis of Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients Treated for Maxillofacial Fractures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010004

AMA Style

Sikora M, Chlubek M, Grochans E, Jurczak A, Safranow K, Chlubek D. Analysis of Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients Treated for Maxillofacial Fractures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sikora, Maciej; Chlubek, Mikołaj; Grochans, Elżbieta; Jurczak, Anna; Safranow, Krzysztof; Chlubek, Dariusz. 2020. "Analysis of Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients Treated for Maxillofacial Fractures" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 1: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010004

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