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Article

Association between the Mother’s Social Cognition and the Child’s Social Functioning in Kindergarten: The Mediating Role of the Child’s Social Cognition

Department of Counseling and Human Development, University of Haifa, Abba Khoushy Ave 199, Haifa 3498838, Isreal
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 358; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010358
Received: 24 November 2019 / Revised: 31 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 5 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Children's Health)
Children’s ability to adjust to the social rules and expectations in the educational environment is of major concern to researchers and practitioners alike. Accordingly, the main purpose of the present study was to examine predictors of children’s social functioning in kindergarten with a specific focus on (a) maternal factors and (b) children’s social cognition. Using a multi-method (self-reports and direct assessments), multi-informant (child, mother, teacher) design, we collected data from 301 kindergarten children and their mothers tapping the mother’s social cognition (general and child-related) and parenting style, and children’s social cognition (social information processing) and functioning in kindergarten. We found direct associations between the mother and child’s social cognition, between the mother’s authoritarian parenting style and her child’s less competent social cognition and behavior, and between the child’s social cognition and social functioning. Finally, as hypothesized, we found a number of interesting mediated effects. Most notably, we found that the association between the mother’s social cognition (her tendency to attribute hostile intent to unknown others) and the child’s social cognition (his/her tendency to generate less competent responses) is fully mediated by the mother’s higher levels of authoritarian parenting style. The important theoretical and clinical implications of our findings are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: social cognition; social information processing; mother-child relationships; parenting style; kindergarten; social functioning social cognition; social information processing; mother-child relationships; parenting style; kindergarten; social functioning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ziv, Y.; Arbel, R. Association between the Mother’s Social Cognition and the Child’s Social Functioning in Kindergarten: The Mediating Role of the Child’s Social Cognition. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010358

AMA Style

Ziv Y, Arbel R. Association between the Mother’s Social Cognition and the Child’s Social Functioning in Kindergarten: The Mediating Role of the Child’s Social Cognition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ziv, Yair, and Reout Arbel. 2020. "Association between the Mother’s Social Cognition and the Child’s Social Functioning in Kindergarten: The Mediating Role of the Child’s Social Cognition" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 358. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010358

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