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Open AccessArticle

Eutrophication Assessment Based on the Cloud Matter Element Model

School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
School of Environment and Municipal Engineering, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450046, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 334;
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 1 January 2020 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 3 January 2020
Eutrophication has become one of the most serious problems threatening the lakes/reservoirs in China over 50 years. Evaluation of eutrophication is a multi-criteria decision-making process with uncertainties. In this study, a cloud matter element (CME) model was developed in order to evaluate eutrophication level objectively and scientifically, which incorporated the randomness and fuzziness of eutrophication evaluation process. The elements belonging to each eutrophication level in the CME model were determined by means of certainty degrees through repeated simulations of cloud model with reasonable parameters of expectation Ex, entropy En, and hyper-entropy He. The weights of evaluation indicators were decided by a combination of entropy technology and analytic hierarchy process method. The neartudes of water samples to each eutrophication level of lakes/reservoirs in the CME model were generated and the eutrophication levels were determined by maximum neartude principal. The proposed CME model was applied to evaluate eutrophication levels of 24 typical lakes/reservoirs in China. The results of the CME model were compared with those of comprehensive index method, matter element model, fuzzy matter element model, and cloud model. Most of the results obtained by the CME model were consistent with the results obtained by other methods, which proved the CME model is an effective tool to evaluate eutrophication. View Full-Text
Keywords: cloud matter element (CME); eutrophication evaluation; lakes; reservoirs cloud matter element (CME); eutrophication evaluation; lakes; reservoirs
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Wang, Y.; Zhang, X.; Wu, Y. Eutrophication Assessment Based on the Cloud Matter Element Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 334.

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