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Open AccessArticle

Temporary Disability Pension, RTW-Intentions, and RTW-Behavior: Expectations and Experiences of Disability Pensioners over 17 Months

1
Department of Psychology & Methods, Jacobs University Bremen, 28759 Bremen, Germany
2
Deutsche Rentenversicherung Oldenburg-Bremen, 28209 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010238
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 17 December 2019 / Accepted: 25 December 2019 / Published: 28 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Return to Work and Occupational Health Services)
Purpose: Individuals receiving a temporary disability pension (TDP) should get the opportunity to return to work (RTW). The current study aims to determine the factors contributing to RTW. Methods: 453 individuals on TDP were interviewed at three measurement points (T1, T2 = T1 + approximately 7 months, T3 = T1 + approximately 17 months). Socio-demographics, psychological predictors, and current work status (maintained TDP, permanent disability pension, old-age pension, employed, or receipt of other benefits) were assessed. Results: Throughout the duration of the study, only four of the former temporary disability pensioners returned to work, and an additional seven made themselves available to the labor market. These were individuals who were younger, in TDP for a shorter period of time, and reported a higher RTW-intention. Higher RTW-intention was cross-sectionally associated with younger age, shorter TDP duration, and more positive outcome expectancies. Additionally, study participants who expected that medical rehabilitation would help them RTW were more motivated to RTW. An increase in RTW-intention over 17 months was related to younger age and better health. Conclusion: Personal factors such as self-efficacy and job-related variables appear less important for RTW than age and subjective health status. The observed RTW rates call for early support and tailored medical rehabilitation interventions that help individuals prevent functional limitations, overcome disability, and facilitate RTW. View Full-Text
Keywords: return to work; intention; self-efficacy; outcome expectancies; medical rehabilitation return to work; intention; self-efficacy; outcome expectancies; medical rehabilitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lippke, S.; Schüz, N.; Zschucke, E. Temporary Disability Pension, RTW-Intentions, and RTW-Behavior: Expectations and Experiences of Disability Pensioners over 17 Months. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010238

AMA Style

Lippke S, Schüz N, Zschucke E. Temporary Disability Pension, RTW-Intentions, and RTW-Behavior: Expectations and Experiences of Disability Pensioners over 17 Months. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lippke, Sonia; Schüz, Natalie; Zschucke, Elisabeth. 2020. "Temporary Disability Pension, RTW-Intentions, and RTW-Behavior: Expectations and Experiences of Disability Pensioners over 17 Months" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 1: 238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010238

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