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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Pulmonary Function, Lung Ventilation, and Endurance Performance of Young Soccer Players

1
Department of Track and Field, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Ul. Paderewskiego 35, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
2
Faculty of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, Poland, Ul. Paderewskiego 35, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
3
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova ul. 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 234; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010234
Received: 6 December 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 24 December 2019 / Published: 28 December 2019
This study investigated whether the addition of eight weeks of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to a regular preseason soccer training program, including incremental endurance training (IET), would change pulmonary function, lung ventilation, and aerobic performance in young soccer players. Sixteen club-level competitive junior soccer players (mean age 17.63 ± 0.48 years, height 182 ± 0.05 cm, body mass 68.88 ± 4.48 kg) participated in the study. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups: experimental (n = 8) and control (n = 8). Both groups performed regular preseason soccer training, including endurance workouts as IET. In addition to this training, the experimental group performed additional IMT for eigght weeks with a commercially available respiratory muscle trainer (Threshold IMT), with a total of 80 inhalations (twice per day, five days per week). Pre- and post-intervention tests of pulmonary function, maximal inspiratory pressure, and the Cooper test were implemented. Eight weeks of IMT had a positive impact on expiratory muscle strength (p = 0.001); however, there was no significant effect on respiratory function parameters. The results also indicate increased efficiency of the inspiratory muscles, contributing to an improvement in aerobic endurance, measured by VO₂max estimated from running distance in the cardiorespiratory Cooper test (p < 0.005). View Full-Text
Keywords: soccer; inspiratory training; lung ventilation; muscle strength; endurance; running soccer; inspiratory training; lung ventilation; muscle strength; endurance; running
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mackała, K.; Kurzaj, M.; Okrzymowska, P.; Stodółka, J.; Coh, M.; Rożek-Piechura, K. The Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Pulmonary Function, Lung Ventilation, and Endurance Performance of Young Soccer Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010234

AMA Style

Mackała K, Kurzaj M, Okrzymowska P, Stodółka J, Coh M, Rożek-Piechura K. The Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Pulmonary Function, Lung Ventilation, and Endurance Performance of Young Soccer Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010234

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mackała, Krzysztof; Kurzaj, Monika; Okrzymowska, Paulina; Stodółka, Jacek; Coh, Milan; Rożek-Piechura, Krystyna. 2020. "The Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Pulmonary Function, Lung Ventilation, and Endurance Performance of Young Soccer Players" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 1: 234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010234

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