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Article

Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: The Role of Classroom, Family, Self-Concept and Gender

1
Department of Education and Social Psychology, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain
2
Department of Social Anthropology, Seville University, 41013 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010019
Received: 11 November 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 14 December 2019 / Published: 18 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional and Behavioural Adjustment in Adolescence)
This study analyzes the direct relationships between classroom and family context and adolescent students’ life satisfaction (LS) and the indirect relationships between these same variables through adolescents’ academic, family, and social self-concept from a gender perspective. In the theoretical model, we assume that the quality of the parent—child relationship affects adolescents’ LS both directly and indirectly through their self-concept. We assume that the quality of the classroom climate also affects adolescents’ LS through their self-concept. The sample consisted of 2373 adolescents (49.8% girls) aged 12 to 18 years (mean (M) = 14.69, standard deviation (SD) = 1.82). A structural equation model was tested to analyse the relationship between the variables. Subsequently, multigroup analysis was performed to determine the structural invariance of the model as a function of gender. The chi square and T-student test was 71.66. Results revealed a direct positive relationship between family environment and LS. Family and classroom environment were indirectly related to LS through their relationship with academic, family, and social self-concept. The result of multigroup analysis supports the structural invariance of the model in both sexes; therefore, the expected relationships are the same for boys and girls, making the model more generalizable and applicable. The practical and theoretical implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: family climate; classroom climate; adolescence; self-concept; life satisfaction; gender family climate; classroom climate; adolescence; self-concept; life satisfaction; gender
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MDPI and ACS Style

Povedano-Diaz, A.; Muñiz-Rivas, M.; Vera-Perea, M. Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: The Role of Classroom, Family, Self-Concept and Gender. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010019

AMA Style

Povedano-Diaz A, Muñiz-Rivas M, Vera-Perea M. Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: The Role of Classroom, Family, Self-Concept and Gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Povedano-Diaz, Amapola, Maria Muñiz-Rivas, and Maria Vera-Perea. 2020. "Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: The Role of Classroom, Family, Self-Concept and Gender" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010019

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