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Environmental Effects of the Livestock Industry: The Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Students in Israel

1
Department of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Ashkelon Academic College, Ashkelon 78211, Israel
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School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba 8410501, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1359; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081359
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 7 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
The livestock industry has numerous and diverse impacts on the environment. In a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire, 361 students were asked about their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to the environmental impact caused by livestock industry. The data were analyzed using correlations, t-tests for independent samples, and linear regression models. We found that students have almost no knowledge about the environmental impact of the food they consume, their attitudes are moderately pro-environmental, yet they are not strict about pro-environmental behavior. Students with higher levels of environmental knowledge demonstrated more pro-environmental attitudes and behavior; attitudes mediate the relationship between level of knowledge and behavior with respect to environmental pollution caused by the livestock industry. In addition, participants that rear/reared animals demonstrated more knowledge and pro-environmental attitudes and behavior, and women demonstrated more pro-environmental attitudes and behavior than men. There is a need to raise awareness of the environmental and health impacts caused by livestock industry. An introductory course on environmental science should be integrated into different academic study programs. Further research should be conducted among additional population sectors. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental pollution; sustainability; livestock industry; pro-environmental behavior; knowledge and attitudes environmental pollution; sustainability; livestock industry; pro-environmental behavior; knowledge and attitudes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dopelt, K.; Radon, P.; Davidovitch, N. Environmental Effects of the Livestock Industry: The Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Students in Israel. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081359

AMA Style

Dopelt K, Radon P, Davidovitch N. Environmental Effects of the Livestock Industry: The Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Students in Israel. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dopelt, Keren, Pnina Radon, and Nadav Davidovitch. 2019. "Environmental Effects of the Livestock Industry: The Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Students in Israel" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 8: 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081359

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