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Article

Ageism in an Aging Society: The Role of Knowledge, Anxiety about Aging, and Stereotypes in Young People and Adults

Department of Humanities, University of Naples Federico II, 80133 Napoli NA, Italy
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1329; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081329
Received: 22 February 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 April 2019 / Published: 13 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Aging and Public Health)
The progressive aging of society, caused by profound demographic changes, brings with it the necessity of confronting the subject of biases against the elderly. Ageism, in fact, can influence society’s attitudes regarding this population, in addition to impacting the self-perception of elderly people. This, in turn, has consequences for positive outcomes during the aging process. The current research aims to investigate the simultaneous relationships between knowledge, age, anxiety about aging, and stereotypes toward the elderly, as well as their predictive roles with respect to ageism. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 886 participants, with an average age of 35.8 years (Standard Deviation—SD = 14.2), predominantly female (64.8%). Descriptive and correlational analyses were performed, along with structural equation modeling. Based on the analyses conducted, anxiety about aging and knowledge are antecedents for stereotypes, which in turn, together with the other variables, influence ageism. Increased education about the aging process could help reduce anxiety and stereotypes against the aging among those who are most responsible for prejudice against the elderly. Knowledge of the antecedents of prejudice toward the elderly is fundamental to promoting positive attitudes toward them. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageism; stereotypes; anxiety about aging; knowledge; chronological age; structural equation modeling ageism; stereotypes; anxiety about aging; knowledge; chronological age; structural equation modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Donizzetti, A.R. Ageism in an Aging Society: The Role of Knowledge, Anxiety about Aging, and Stereotypes in Young People and Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081329

AMA Style

Donizzetti AR. Ageism in an Aging Society: The Role of Knowledge, Anxiety about Aging, and Stereotypes in Young People and Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081329

Chicago/Turabian Style

Donizzetti, Anna R. 2019. "Ageism in an Aging Society: The Role of Knowledge, Anxiety about Aging, and Stereotypes in Young People and Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 8: 1329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081329

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