Next Article in Journal
Insights into Heavy Metals Leakage in Chelator-Induced Phytoextraction of Pb- and Tl-Contaminated Soil
Previous Article in Journal
Predictors of Discharge Against Medical Advice in a Tertiary Paediatric Hospital
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1327; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081327

A Pest to Mental Health? Exploring the Link between Exposure to Agrichemicals in Farmers and Mental Health

1
School of Medicine, Deakin University, 75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, Australia
2
National Centre for Farmer Health, Western District Health Service, Hamilton, VIC 3300, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
  |  
PDF [719 KB, uploaded 15 April 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

The current literature acknowledges that occupational exposures can adversely affect mental health. This review seeks to elucidate the current understanding of the effect of agrichemical exposure on mental health in the agricultural sector, including low-dose, chronic pesticide exposure. This scoping review adopted a snowballing and saturation approach. The review highlights inconsistencies in linking poor mental health and pesticide use. While some studies specifically showed that both high- and low-dose pesticide exposure were associated with poor mental health, consistent and rigorous research methods are lacking. The review also proposes terms to delineate exposure types described in the literature. The review outcomes direct efforts to protect the health, wellbeing and safety of farming communities across the globe. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrichemical; pesticide; organophosphate; mental health; farming; suicide; low-level exposure; chronic toxicity; Total Worker Health agrichemical; pesticide; organophosphate; mental health; farming; suicide; low-level exposure; chronic toxicity; Total Worker Health
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, N.; Kennedy, A.; Cotton, J.; Brumby, S. A Pest to Mental Health? Exploring the Link between Exposure to Agrichemicals in Farmers and Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1327.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top