Next Article in Journal
The Potential of Small Dams for Conjunctive Water Management in Rural Municipalities
Next Article in Special Issue
Adjustment Disorder: Current Developments and Future Directions
Previous Article in Journal
Pre-Existing Disability and Its Risk of Fragility Hip Fracture in Older Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sleep Disturbance in Adjustment Disorder and Depressive Episode
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

The Role of Religion in Buffering the Impact of Stressful Life Events on Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Depressive Episodes or Adjustment Disorder

1
Department of Psychology, Division Psychopathology and Clinical Intervention, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Klinik im Hasel, Stationaere Therapie, 5728 Gontenschwil, Switzerland
3
Liaison Psychiatry, University Hospital, H91 YR71 Galway, Ireland
4
Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Eccles St., D07 R2WY Dublin, Ireland
5
Department of Adult Psychiatry, University College Dublin, D07 R2WY Dublin, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1238; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071238
Received: 25 February 2019 / Revised: 30 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adjustment Disorder in Liaison Psychiatry)
Most studies into the role of religiousness in relation to depression severity have mainly found an inverse relationship between greater religiousness and lower levels of depressive symptoms. There is reason to assume that religiousness has a buffering effect on the relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of religiousness in moderating the impact of stressors on depressive symptoms. n = 348 patients with either a depressive episode or adjustment disorder were assessed at referral to the liaison psychiatry services in three Dublin hospitals and n = 132 patients were followed up six months later. We assessed depressive symptoms, life events, social support, and religiosity, and used hierarchical and multiple linear regression for data analysis. The interaction of organised religious activity and the amount of life events was significant (β = −0.19, p = 0.001) in the cross-sectional prediction of depressive symptoms while non-organised religious activity (β = −0.23, p = 0.001) and intrinsic religiousness (β = −0.15, p = 0.033) interacted significantly with life events in the longitudinal analysis. This study demonstrated that various dimensions of religiousness buffered the impact of life events on outcome. View Full-Text
Keywords: religiousness; organised religious practice; non-organised religious practice; intrinsic religiousness; social support religiousness; organised religious practice; non-organised religious practice; intrinsic religiousness; social support
MDPI and ACS Style

Lorenz, L.; Doherty, A.; Casey, P. The Role of Religion in Buffering the Impact of Stressful Life Events on Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Depressive Episodes or Adjustment Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1238.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop