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Article

Psychological Distress, Family Support and Employment Status in First-Year University Students in Spain

1
The Biomedical Research Centre Network for Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
2
Agency for Health Quality and Assessment of Catalonia (AQuAS), Carrer de Roc Boronat, 81, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
3
Grupo de Investigación en Interacciones Gen—Ambiente y Salud (GIIGAS)/Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Biosanitary Research Institute of Granada (ibs.GRANADA), University Hospitals of Granada-University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
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Faculty of Education Sciences & Sports, University of Vigo, HealthyFit Research Group Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IIS Galicia Sur), Sergas-UVIGO, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
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Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Departments of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Research group on Food and Nutrition—Research group of Public Health, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Research Center on Natural Resources, Health, and Environment (RENSMA), University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
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Gerencia de Servicios Sociales, Comisionado Regional para la Droga, 47009 Valladolid, Spain
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IDIVAL, University of Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
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Department of Biomedical Sciences, Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Castilla—La Mancha, 13071 Albacete, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Principado de Asturias (ISPA), 33011 Oviedo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1209; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071209
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
Mental disorders are consistently and closely related to psychological distress. At the start of the university period, the relationship between a student’s psychological distress, family support, and employment status is not well-known. The aims of this study were: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress in first-year university students and to analyze its relationship with family support and the student’s employment status. Data from 4166 first-year university students from nine universities across Spain were considered. The prevalence of psychological distress was obtained using the GHQ-12, a valid and reliable screening tool to detect poor mental health. To analyze the relationship between psychological distress, family support, and employment status, logistic regression models were fitted. Regarding the prevalence found, 46.9% of men and 54.2% of women had psychological distress. In both genders, psychological distress levels increased as family support decreased. Among women, psychological distress was associated with their employment status. The prevalence of psychological distress among first-year university students in Spain is high. In addition, family support, and employment status for women, could be factors to take into account when developing psychological distress prevention strategies at the beginning of the university period. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological distress; family support; employment status; university; social epidemiology; survey study psychological distress; family support; employment status; university; social epidemiology; survey study
MDPI and ACS Style

Arias-de la Torre, J.; Fernández-Villa, T.; Molina, A.J.; Amezcua-Prieto, C.; Mateos, R.; Cancela, J.M.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M.; Ortíz-Moncada, R.; Alguacil, J.; Redondo, S.; Gómez-Acebo, I.; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M.; Blázquez Abellán, G.; Jiménez Mejías, E.; Valero, L.F.; Ayán, C.; Vilorio-Marqués, L.; Olmedo-Requena, R.; Martín, V. Psychological Distress, Family Support and Employment Status in First-Year University Students in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071209

AMA Style

Arias-de la Torre J, Fernández-Villa T, Molina AJ, Amezcua-Prieto C, Mateos R, Cancela JM, Delgado-Rodríguez M, Ortíz-Moncada R, Alguacil J, Redondo S, Gómez-Acebo I, Morales-Suárez-Varela M, Blázquez Abellán G, Jiménez Mejías E, Valero LF, Ayán C, Vilorio-Marqués L, Olmedo-Requena R, Martín V. Psychological Distress, Family Support and Employment Status in First-Year University Students in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(7):1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071209

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arias-de la Torre, Jorge, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio J. Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José M. Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Susana Redondo, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez Abellán, Eladio Jiménez Mejías, Luis F. Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, and Vicente Martín. 2019. "Psychological Distress, Family Support and Employment Status in First-Year University Students in Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 7: 1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071209

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