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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and Its Association with Parenting Style: A Population Study in Hong Kong

1
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
2
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1130; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071130
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Victimisation)
Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9%, 23.4%, 84.1%, and 23.2%, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting styles; child maltreatment; Chinese parenting styles; child maltreatment; Chinese
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lo, C.K.M.; Ho, F.K.; Wong, R.S.; Tung, K.T.S.; Tso, W.W.Y.; Ho, M.S.P.; Chow, C.B.; Chan, K.L.; Ip, P. Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and Its Association with Parenting Style: A Population Study in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071130

AMA Style

Lo CKM, Ho FK, Wong RS, Tung KTS, Tso WWY, Ho MSP, Chow CB, Chan KL, Ip P. Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and Its Association with Parenting Style: A Population Study in Hong Kong. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(7):1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lo, Camilla K.M.; Ho, Frederick K.; Wong, Rosa S.; Tung, Keith T.S.; Tso, Winnie W.Y.; Ho, Matthew S.P.; Chow, Chun B.; Chan, Ko L.; Ip, Patrick. 2019. "Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and Its Association with Parenting Style: A Population Study in Hong Kong" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 7: 1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071130

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