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Environmental Justice in Industrially Contaminated Sites. A Review of Scientific Evidence in the WHO European Region

1
Department of Environment and Health, National Institute of Health, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health in Contaminated Sites, National Institute of Health, 00161 Rome, Italy
3
National Centre for Global Health, National Institute of Health, 00161 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 998; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060998
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 14 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Achieving Environmental Health Equity: Great Expectations)
In the WHO European Region the topic of contaminated sites is considered a priority among environment and health themes. Communities living in or close to contaminated sites tend to be characterized by a high prevalence of ethnic minorities and by an unfavorable socioeconomic status so rising issues of environmental justice. A structured review was undertaken to describe the contents of original scientific studies analyzing distributive and procedural justice in industrially contaminated sites carried out in the WHO European Region in the period 2010–2017. A systematic search of the literature was performed. In total, 14 articles were identified. Wherever assessments on environmental inequalities were carried out, an overburden of socioeconomic deprivation or vulnerability, with very few exemptions, was observed. The combined effects of environmental and socioeconomic pressures on health were rarely addressed. Results show that the studies on environmental and health inequalities and mechanisms of their generation in areas affected by industrially contaminated sites in the WHO European Region are in their early stages, with exemption of UK. Future efforts should be directed to improve study strategies with national and local assessments in order to provide evidence for equity-oriented interventions to reduce environmental exposure and related health risks caused by industrial contamination. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental justice; distributive justice; procedural justice; inequalities; inequities; contaminated sites; industrially contaminated sites; industries; socioeconomic status; disadvantaged groups; social capital environmental justice; distributive justice; procedural justice; inequalities; inequities; contaminated sites; industrially contaminated sites; industries; socioeconomic status; disadvantaged groups; social capital
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Pasetto, R.; Mattioli, B.; Marsili, D. Environmental Justice in Industrially Contaminated Sites. A Review of Scientific Evidence in the WHO European Region. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 998.

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