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Global Need for Physical Rehabilitation: Systematic Analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

1
Global Health and Tropical Medicine & WHO Collaborating Center on Health Workforce Policy and Planning, Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine-NOVA University of Lisbon, Rua da Junqueira 100, 1349-008 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Physical Therapy Division, Department of Orthopeadic Surgery, School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA
3
Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI), Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
4
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service, Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
5
Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 980; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060980
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disability and Global Health)
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Abstract

Background: To inform global health policies and resources planning, this paper analyzes evolving trends in physical rehabilitation needs, using data on Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017. Methods: Secondary analysis of how YLDs from conditions likely benefiting from physical rehabilitation have evolved from 1990 to 2017, for the world and across countries of varying income levels. Linear regression analyses were used. Results: A 66.2% growth was found in estimated YLD Counts germane to physical rehabilitation: a significant and linear growth of more than 5.1 billion YLDs per year (99% CI: 4.8–5.4; r2 = 0.99). Low-income countries more than doubled (111.5% growth) their YLD Counts likely benefiting from physical rehabilitation since 1990. YLD Rates per 100,000 people and the percentage of YLDs likley benefiting from physical rehabilitation also grew significantly over time, across locations (all p > 0.05). Finally, only in high-income countries did Age-standardized YLD Rates significantly decrease (p < 0.01; r2 = 0.86). Conclusions: Physical rehabilitation needs have been growing significantly in absolute, per-capita and in percentage of total YLDs. This growth was found globally and across countries of varying income level. In absolute terms, growths were higher in lower income countries, wherein rehabilitation is under-resourced, thereby highlighting important unmet needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: rehabilitation; global health; disability; global burden of disease; health services needs and demand rehabilitation; global health; disability; global burden of disease; health services needs and demand
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Jesus, T.S.; Landry, M.D.; Hoenig, H. Global Need for Physical Rehabilitation: Systematic Analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 980.

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