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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 925; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060925

Biological, Psychological, Social, and Legal Aspects of Trans Parenthood Based on a Real Case—A Literature Review

1
Faculty of Nursing N. S. Candelaria, University of La Laguna, 38010 Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of La Laguna, 38071 Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
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Abstract

Trans men are people who, based on their genitals, were assigned the status of female at birth. However, their identity and their way of living gender do not correspond to the socially established norms. In this paper, we discuss the different perspectives in relation to transgender people and their desire for parenthood. This review, and the basis of this paper, is inspired by the case of a trans man who desired gestation with his own genetic material. He began the cycle of assisted reproduction when he was a legally recognized woman, but that attempt ended with a miscarriage. From that assisted reproduction cycle, four embryos remained frozen. After the failed experience of gestation, the person completed his transition. Now legally a man, he attempted to gestate using his reproductive organs. This literature review aimed to identify relevant studies describing the relationship between transgender person and biological parenthood. This study comprehensively addresses important aspects one should know when considering a transgender pregnancy. These factors include biological, psychological, social, and legal issues. After reviewing the state-of-the-art information on trans parenthood, the main conclusion is that ‘the desire to have a child is not a male or female desire but a human desire’. View Full-Text
Keywords: transgender person; pregnancy; parenting; assisted reproduction; health legislation; holistic health transgender person; pregnancy; parenting; assisted reproduction; health legislation; holistic health
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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de-Castro-Peraza, M.-E.; García-Acosta, J.M.; Delgado-Rodriguez, N.; Sosa-Alvarez, M.I.; Llabrés-Solé, R.; Cardona-Llabrés, C.; Lorenzo-Rocha, N.D. Biological, Psychological, Social, and Legal Aspects of Trans Parenthood Based on a Real Case—A Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 925.

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