Next Article in Journal
‘It’s Important to Make Changes.’ Insights about Motivators and Enablers of Healthy Lifestyle Modification from Young Aboriginal Men in Western Australia
Previous Article in Journal
Do Healthy City Performance Awards Lead to Health in All Policies? A Case of Taiwan
 
 
Article

LPG Cars in a Car Park Environment—How to Make It Safe

Department of Chemical Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, Faculty of Process and Environmental Engineering, Stefana Żeromskiego 116, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 1062; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061062
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 24 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
Alternative and innovative fuel types are being introduced to power cars. These include liquified petroleum gas (LPG) gas and hydrogen energy sources. However, they also introduce new hazards, requiring revised thinking with respect to safety within car parking environments. One of the most significant dangers is accidental gas release from a car’s system, especially in underground car parks. Jet fan systems are widely used for ventilation of such enclosures, but currently their design is most often based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) according to computer simulations that may not be relevant for such new fuels. This paper presents the results of full-scale tests which demonstrate the operational factors of jet fan ventilation systems, and assesses the conditions which can occur in a car park when a small volume of LPG is released. On the basis of measurements undertaken, Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software was validated against the air velocity flows and LPG gas dispersion patterns. Finally, the simulations were used to demonstrate the effectiveness of systems in an actual car park, in the case of an accidental LPG car tank release. View Full-Text
Keywords: LPG; accidental ventilation; CFD; explosive hazards LPG; accidental ventilation; CFD; explosive hazards
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Brzezińska, D. LPG Cars in a Car Park Environment—How to Make It Safe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061062

AMA Style

Brzezińska D. LPG Cars in a Car Park Environment—How to Make It Safe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(6):1062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brzezińska, Dorota. 2019. "LPG Cars in a Car Park Environment—How to Make It Safe" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 6: 1062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061062

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop