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Open AccessArticle

A Model for Promoting Occupational Safety and Health in Taiwan’s Hospitals: An Integrative Approach

1
Taiwan Adventist Hospital, Taipei 10556, Taiwan
2
Department of Health Administration, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien 970, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 882; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050882
Received: 11 February 2019 / Revised: 3 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
Advocating for improving workplace safety and health has gained substantial support in recent years. The medical industry is a high-risk industry and receives considerable public attention. This study used an integrative approach as a starting point and combined the contextual factors of an organization: perceived organizational support, safety climate, social influence, and shared decision making. Subsequently, the effects of these factors on preventive action and safety satisfaction were investigated. This study surveyed employees of two hospitals, one in Northern Taiwan and one in Eastern Taiwan, collecting valid data from 468 respondents. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to verify our research framework. The finding indicates that (1) All hypotheses proposed in this study were supported. (2) The overall goodness of fit of the model was excellent, and the explained variance of the outcome variables was high. (3) Safety climate had the strongest total effects on preventive action and safety satisfaction simultaneously, whereas preventive action had the strongest direct effect on safety satisfaction. The objective of this study was to obtain empirical conclusions and make suggestions for academic theory and clinical practice. The findings may serve as a reference for future research and for scholars and practitioners, enabling the creation of healthy workplaces and, thus, a brighter future. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived organizational support; safety climate; social influence; shared decision making perceived organizational support; safety climate; social influence; shared decision making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, H.-T.; Tsai, C.-H.; Wang, C.-F. A Model for Promoting Occupational Safety and Health in Taiwan’s Hospitals: An Integrative Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 882.

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