Next Article in Journal
Do Sociodemographic Factors and Urban Green Space Affect Mental Health Outcomes Among the Urban Elderly Population?
Next Article in Special Issue
Mediterranean Built Environment and Precipitation as Modulator Factors on Physical Activity in Obese Mid-Age and Old-Age Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Intervention Effect of SMS Delivery on Chinese Adolescent’s Physical Activity
Previous Article in Special Issue
Breast-Feeding Protects Children from Adverse Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Article Menu
Issue 5 (March-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050788

Acute Effects of Air Pollution and Noise from Road Traffic in a Panel of Young Healthy Adults

ZPH, Environmental Health, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
  |  
PDF [945 KB, uploaded 8 March 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

Panel studies are an efficient means to assess short-term effects of air pollution and other time-varying environmental exposures. Repeated examinations of volunteers allow for an in-depth analysis of physiological responses supporting the biological interpretation of environmental impacts. Twenty-four healthy students walked for 1 h at a minimum of four separate occasions under each of the following four settings: along a busy road, along a busy road wearing ear plugs, in a park, and in a park but exposed to traffic noise (65 dB) through headphones. Particle mass (PM2.5, PM1), particle number, and noise levels were measured throughout each walk. Lung function and exhaled nitrogen oxide (NO) were measured before, immediately after, 1 h after, and approximately 24 h after each walk. Blood pressure and heart rate variability were measured every 15 min during each walk. Recorded air pollution levels were found to correlate with reduced lung function. The effects were clearly significant for end-expiratory flows and remained visible up to 24 h after exposure. While immediate increases in airway resistance could be interpreted as protective (muscular) responses to particulate air pollution, the persisting effects indicate an induced inflammatory reaction. Noise levels reduced systolic blood pressure and heart rate variability. Maybe due to the small sample size, no effects were visible per specific setting (road vs. park). View Full-Text
Keywords: road traffic; air pollution; noise; physiological effects; panel study; healthy young adults road traffic; air pollution; noise; physiological effects; panel study; healthy young adults
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Moshammer, H.; Panholzer, J.; Ulbing, L.; Udvarhelyi, E.; Ebenbauer, B.; Peter, S. Acute Effects of Air Pollution and Noise from Road Traffic in a Panel of Young Healthy Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 788.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top