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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050692

Characterizing Spatiotemporal Dynamics of CH4 Fluxes from Rice Paddies of Cold Region in Heilongjiang Province under Climate Change

1
School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
2
Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water Resource Use, Ministry of Agriculture, Harbin 150030, China
3
Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
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Abstract

Paddy fields have become a major global anthropogenic CH4 emission source, and climate change affects CH4 emissions from paddy ecosystems by changing crop growth and the soil environment. It has been recognized that Heilongjiang Province has become an important source of CH4 emission due to its dramatically increased rice planting area, while less attention has been paid to characterize the effects of climate change on the spatiotemporal dynamics of CH4 fluxes. In this study, we used the calibrated and validated Long Ashton Research Station Weather Generator (LARS-WG) model and DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) model to simulate historical and future CH4 fluxes under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 of four global climate models (GCMs) in Heilongjiang Province. During 1960–2015, the average CH4 fluxes and climatic tendencies were 145.56 kg C/ha and 11.88 kg C/ha/(10a), respectively. Spatially, the CH4 fluxes showed a decreasing trend from west to east, and the climatic tendencies in the northern and western parts were higher. During 2021–2080, the annual average CH4 fluxes under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 were predicted to be 213.46 kg C/ha and 252.19 kg C/ha, respectively, and their spatial distributions were similar to the historical distribution. The average climatic tendencies were 13.40 kg C/ha/(10a) and 29.86 kg C/ha/(10a), respectively, which decreased from west to east. The simulation scenario analysis showed that atmospheric CO2 concentration and temperature affected CH4 fluxes by changing soil organic carbon (SOC) content and plant biomass. This study indicated that a paddy ecosystem in a cold region is an important part of China’s greenhouse gas emission inventory in future scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; rice paddies of cold region; CH4 fluxes; spatiotemporal distribution; DNDC model climate change; rice paddies of cold region; CH4 fluxes; spatiotemporal distribution; DNDC model
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Nie, T.; Zhang, Z.; Qi, Z.; Chen, P.; Sun, Z.; Liu, X. Characterizing Spatiotemporal Dynamics of CH4 Fluxes from Rice Paddies of Cold Region in Heilongjiang Province under Climate Change. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 692.

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