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Open AccessArticle

Heat Waves Occurrence and Outdoor Workers’ Self-assessment of Heat Stress in Slovenia and Greece

1
Centre of Agrometeorology, Department of Agronomy, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, Karies, 42100 Trikala, Greece
4
Human and Environmental Physiological Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(4), 597; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040597
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 16 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
Changing patterns of heat waves are part of the global warming effect and the importance of changes is reinforced by their negative impact on society. Firstly, heat waves were analyzed in Brnik (Slovenia) and Larisa (Greece) in the period 1981–2017 to reflect the environment which workers are exposed to. Secondly, outdoor workers (70 from Greece, 216 from Slovenia) provided a self-assessment of heat stress. The heat wave timeline is presented as an effective way of illustrating long-term changes in heat waves’ characteristics for various stakeholders. In both countries, workers assessed as significant the heat stress impact on productivity (Greece 69%, Slovenia 71%; p > 0.05), and in Slovenia also on well-being (74%; p < 0.01). The main experienced symptoms and diseases were thirst (Greece 70%, Slovenia 82%; p = 0.03), excessive sweating (67%, 85%; p = 0.01), exhaustion (51%, 62%; p > 0.05) and headache (44%, 53%; p > 0.05). The most common way to reduce heat stress was drinking more water (Greece 64%, Slovenia 82%; p = 0.001). Among the informed workers, the prevalent source of information was discussions. Therefore, educational campaigns are recommended, together with the testing of the efficiency of mitigation measures that will be proposed on the Heat-Shield project portal. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat wave; outdoor workers; occupational health; heat stress; climate change; productivity heat wave; outdoor workers; occupational health; heat stress; climate change; productivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pogačar, T.; Žnidaršič, Z.; Kajfež Bogataj, L.; Flouris, A.D.; Poulianiti, K.; Črepinšek, Z. Heat Waves Occurrence and Outdoor Workers’ Self-assessment of Heat Stress in Slovenia and Greece. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040597

AMA Style

Pogačar T, Žnidaršič Z, Kajfež Bogataj L, Flouris AD, Poulianiti K, Črepinšek Z. Heat Waves Occurrence and Outdoor Workers’ Self-assessment of Heat Stress in Slovenia and Greece. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(4):597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040597

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pogačar, Tjaša; Žnidaršič, Zala; Kajfež Bogataj, Lučka; Flouris, Andreas D.; Poulianiti, Konstantina; Črepinšek, Zalika. 2019. "Heat Waves Occurrence and Outdoor Workers’ Self-assessment of Heat Stress in Slovenia and Greece" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 4: 597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040597

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