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Open AccessArticle

Pesticide Use Practices in Root, Tuber, and Banana Crops by Smallholder Farmers in Rwanda and Burundi

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International Potato Center (CIP), P.O. Box 22274 Kampala, Uganda
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International Potato Center (CIP), La Molina, Lima 12, Peru
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Rwanda Agricultural Board (RAB), P.O. Box 73 Ruhengeri, Rwanda
4
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.O. Box 1894 Bujumbura, Burundi
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Bioversity International, c/o ILRI, P.O. Box 5689 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), c/o AVRDC—The World Vegetable Center, P.O. Box 10 Duluti, Arusha, Tanzania
7
International Potato Center (CIP), NASC Complex, DPS Marg, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110012, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 400; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030400
Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 22 December 2018 / Published: 31 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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PDF [2828 KB, uploaded 31 January 2019]
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Abstract

Misuse and poor handling of chemical pesticides in agriculture is hazardous to the health of farmers, consumers, and to the environment. We studied the pest and disease management practices and the type of pesticides used in four root, tuber, and banana (RTB) crops in Rwanda and Burundi through in-depth interviews with a total of 811 smallholder farmers. No chemical pesticides were used in banana in either Rwanda and Burundi, whereas the use of insecticides and fungicides in potato was quite frequent. Nearly all insecticides and about one third of the fungicides used are moderately hazardous. Personal protective equipment was used by less than a half of the interviewed farmers in both countries. Reported cases of death due to self- or accidental-poisoning among humans and domestic animals in the previous 12 months were substantial in both countries. Training of farmers and agrochemical retailers in safe use of pesticide and handling and, use of integrated pest management approaches to reduce pest and disease damage is recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungicides; insecticides; occupational health; personal protective equipment; poisoning; safety measures; training; integrated pest management fungicides; insecticides; occupational health; personal protective equipment; poisoning; safety measures; training; integrated pest management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Okonya, J.S.; Petsakos, A.; Suarez, V.; Nduwayezu, A.; Kantungeko, D.; Blomme, G.; Legg, J.P.; Kroschel, J. Pesticide Use Practices in Root, Tuber, and Banana Crops by Smallholder Farmers in Rwanda and Burundi. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 400.

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