Next Article in Journal
Localization of Vehicle Back-Up Alarms by Users of Level-Dependent Hearing Protectors under Industrial Noise Conditions Generated at a Forge
Previous Article in Journal
The Colonoscopy Satisfaction and Safety Questionnaire (CSSQP) for Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Development and Validation Study
Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Economic Growth and Air Pollution on Public Health in 31 Chinese Cities

by Ying Li 1, Yung-ho Chiu 2,* and Tai-Yu Lin 2
1
Business School, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road No. 29, Chengdu 610064, China
2
Department of Economics, Soochow University, 56, Kueiyang St., Sec. 1, Taipei 10048, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 393; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030393
Received: 4 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
The rapid economic growth of China in the last twenty years has caused a commensurate rise in atmospheric pollution which has had an impact on both the environment and public health. Since 2013, SO2, CO2 and nitrogen oxide levels have reached a level that may cause climate change and have adverse effects on the health of the local residents. Past environmental efficiency analyses have rarely examined economic development, air pollution and health as interacting systems; therefore, this study used a new two-stage DEA model, the Modified Undesirable EBM Two Stage DEA (Epsilon-Based Measure) to explore the environmental, economic and health efficiencies in thirty-one major cities in China. The results were as follows: while all cities needed to improve their GDP, the environmental efficiencies were continuing to rise in most cities. The health efficiency index indicated that disease efficiency had increased in most cities but declined in one third; therefore, it is necessary to strengthen treatment. The respiratory disease treatment efficiency in most cities was rising, and the room for improvement had significantly reduced. There were improvements in the mortality rate in 15 cities; however, the mortality rate treatment efficiency declined in 11 cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental efficiency; Epsilon-Based Measure; health expenditure; network SBM environmental efficiency; Epsilon-Based Measure; health expenditure; network SBM
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Chiu, Y.-H.; Lin, T.-Y. The Impact of Economic Growth and Air Pollution on Public Health in 31 Chinese Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 393.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop