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Analysis of the Prediction of Motivational Climate in Handball Players’ Fear of Failure

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, Santiago de la Ribera, 30720 Murcia, Spain
2
Human Performance and Sports Science Research Group (E0B5-05), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, Santiago de la Ribera, 30720 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
4
Health and Public Administration Research Center, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030344
Received: 6 December 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 26 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effect of Sport Activity on Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Sports can at times become a negative socializing agent for athletes. The objectives here were to analyse the relationship between motivational climates (involving coaches and peers) and fear of failure in players according to gender and sports experience, and also to control for the extent to which these motivational climates predict the different aversive causes of fear of failure. To this aim, a non-experimental, descriptive, and sectional design was used in which participants answered the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire, the Peer Motivational Climate in Youth Sports Questionnaire, and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory. The sample included 479 handball players aged 16–17 years old (mean = 16.60; standard deviation = 0.50) who were playing in Spanish regional youth category handball teams. The results revealed that the task-involving training climate predominates in both genders over the ego-involving training climate, particularly in girls and in less experienced players. The peer ego-involving climate also predominates with respect to the peer task-involving climate in both genders, but this is particularly so for boys and in more experienced players. Furthermore, except for fear of feeling shame, which was predicted by the peer ego-involving climate, all the aversive causes of fear of failure are predicted mainly by the coach climate. The immediate environment was proved to be determinant in avoidance behaviours and fear of failure. View Full-Text
Keywords: shame; coach; peer; mastery; avoidance behaviours shame; coach; peer; mastery; avoidance behaviours
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gómez-López, M.; Ruiz-Sánchez, V.; Granero-Gallegos, A. Analysis of the Prediction of Motivational Climate in Handball Players’ Fear of Failure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 344.

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