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The Local Food Environment and Food Security: The Health Behavior Role of Social Capital

1
Department of Public Administration, North Carolina Central University, 1801 Fayetteville St., Durham, NC 27707, USA
2
Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA
3
College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC 27707, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 5045; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245045
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 7 December 2019 / Accepted: 9 December 2019 / Published: 11 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Food politics and economic forces may determine the macro conditions for food supply, but the local environment has the most substantial impact on population health. Food security is determined not only by the basic availability of food, but also by social, economic, and cultural factors influencing dietary behaviors. This paper investigates the role of social institutions, specifically social capital, in affecting food security by proposing a theoretical linkage between social capital and health behavior, and an illustrative case is provided. Social capital, defined as the value of the bonding, bridging, and linking relationships between people, is well demonstrated to be related to health. Many mechanisms link social capital to health, including shared access to food and nutritional behaviors. Further, social capital influences health through social status and race. This paper further investigates the links between minority status, food security, social capital, and health. The analysis draws on empirical work in North Carolina with community gardens, faith communities, the local food environment, and other social capital-related variables. By investigating the nature of local food security, particularly for minority populations, this analysis allows for better integration of local conditions with global food politics. View Full-Text
Keywords: social capital; food security; health behavior social capital; food security; health behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, C.J.; Paul, J.E.; Anderson, R.S. The Local Food Environment and Food Security: The Health Behavior Role of Social Capital. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245045

AMA Style

Paul CJ, Paul JE, Anderson RS. The Local Food Environment and Food Security: The Health Behavior Role of Social Capital. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(24):5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paul, Christopher J.; Paul, John E.; Anderson, Rosa S. 2019. "The Local Food Environment and Food Security: The Health Behavior Role of Social Capital" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 24: 5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245045

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