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Improving Biomethanation of Chicken Manure by Co-Digestion with Ethanol Plant Effluent

1
GeoSynFuels, LLC, Golden, CO 80401, USA
2
School of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Institute of Environmental Technology, Techcross Water & Energy Inc., Bucheon 14523, Korea.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 5023; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245023
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 7 December 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
As the global production of chicken manure has steadily increased, its proper management has become a challenging issue. This study examined process effluent from a bioethanol plant as a co-substrate for efficient anaerobic digestion of chicken manure. An anaerobic continuous reactor was operated in mono- and co-digestion modes by adding increasing amounts of the ethanol plant effluent (0%, 10%, and 20% (v/v) of chicken manure). Methanogenic performance improved significantly in terms of both methane production rate and yield (by up to 66% and 36%, respectively), with an increase in organic loading rate over the experimental phases. Correspondingly, the specific methanogenic activity was significantly higher in the co-digestion sludge than in the mono-digestion sludge. The reactor did not suffer any apparent process imbalance, ammonia inhibition, or nutrient limitation throughout the experiment, with the removal of volatile solids being stably maintained (56.3–58.9%). The amount of ethanol plant effluent appears to directly affect the rate of acidification, and its addition at ≥20% (v/v) to chicken manure needs to be avoided to maintain a stable pH. The overall results suggest that anerobic co-digestion with ethanol plant effluent may provide a practical means for the stable treatment and valorization of chicken manure. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaerobic digestion; chicken manure; co-digestion; co-substrate; ethanol plant effluent anaerobic digestion; chicken manure; co-digestion; co-substrate; ethanol plant effluent
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Cheong, D.-Y.; Harvey, J.T.; Kim, J.; Lee, C. Improving Biomethanation of Chicken Manure by Co-Digestion with Ethanol Plant Effluent. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 5023.

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